Comprehending laws and contracts is impossible, unless we first learn the meaning of the words and phrases they contain.

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Post by notmartha » Sun Sep 27, 2015 11:52 am


KJV references:

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From The Words of His Kingdom and the words of the world compared:
When you say you're a resident, you are calling yourself a 'thing'. In A Dictionary Of Law, William C. Anderson, 1893, page 886, Res is defined as "a thing, or things", and identifying the thing is something that's of the world. Res-ident = a thing identified. The bondmen of Christ are not residents; we are transients, visitors, and sojourners with Him. And residence is opposed to transient visitation.

"Residence implies something more than mere transient visitation." The National Law Library, published by Collier, Volume III, page 358 footnote.

When we "identify" only with Christ and become one with Him, we are not to be identified by the heathens as being a "resident" of their ungodly nation (2 Corinthians 6:14-18).

Webster’s Dictionary, 1828
RESI'DE, verb intransitive s as z. [Latin resideo, resido; re and sedeo, to sit, to settle.]
1. to dwell permanently or for a length of time; to have a settled abode for a time. the peculiar uses of this word are to be noticed. When the word is appliced to the natives of a state, or others who dwell in it as permanent citizens, we use it only with reference to the part of a city or country in which a man dwells. We do not say generally that Englishmen reside in England, but a particular citizen resides in London or York, or at such a house in such a street, in the Strand, etc.

When the word is applied to strangers or travelers, we do not say, a man resides in an inn for a night, but he resided in London or Oxford a month, or a year; or part of his life. A man lodges, stays, remains, abides, for a day or very short time, but reside implies a longer time, though not definite.

2. To sink to the bottom of liquors; to settle. obsolete
[In this sense, subside is now used.]

RESI'DING, participle present tense Dwelling in a place for some continuance of time.

RES'IDENT, adjective [Latin residens.]
Dwelling or having an abode in a place for a continuance of time, but not definite; as a minister resident at the court of St. James. A B is now resident in South America.

1. One who resides or dwells in a place for some time. A B is now a resident in London.
2. A public minister who resides at a foreign court. It is usually applied to ministers of a rank inferior to that of embassadors.

1. The act of abiding or dwelling in a place for some continuance of time; as the residence of an American in France or Italy for a year.

The confessor had often made considerable residences in Normandy.

2. The place of abode; a dwelling; a habitation.

Caprea had been - the residence of Tiberius for several years.

3. That which falls to the bottom of liquors. obsolete

4. In the canon and common law, the abode of a person or incumbent on his benefice; opposed to non-residence.

RESIDEN'TIARY, adjective Having residence.

RESIDEN'TIARY, noun An ecclesiastic who keeps a certain residence.
Bouvier’s Dictionary of Law, 1856:
RES, property. Things. The terms "Res," "Bona," "Biens," used by jurists who have written in the Latin and French languages, are intended to include movable or personal, as well as immovable or real property. 1 Burge, Confl. of Laws, 19. See Biens; Bona; Things.

RESIDENCE. The place of one's domicil. (q. v.) There is a difference between a man's residence and his domicil. He may have his domicil in Philadelphia, and still he may have a residence in New York; for although a man can have but one domicil, he may have several residences. A residence is generally tran sient in its nature, it becomes a domicil when it is taken up animo manendi. Roberts; Ecc. R. 75.
2. Residence is prima facie evidence of national character, but this may at all times be explained. When it is for a special purpose and transient in its nature, it does not destroy the national character.
3. In some cases the law requires that the residence of an officer shall be in the district in which he is required to exercise his functions. Fixing his residence elsewhere without an intention of returning, would violate such law. Vide the cases cited under the article Domicil; Place of residence.

RESIDENT, international law. A minister, according to diplomatic language, of a third order, less in dignity than an ambassador, or an envoy. This term formerly related only to the continuance of the minister's stay, but now it is confined to ministers of this class.
2. The resident does not represent the prince's person in his dignity, but only his affairs. His representation is in reality of the same nature as that of the envoy; hence he is often termed, as well as the envoy, a minister of the second order, thus distinguishing only two classes of public ministers, the former consisting of ambassadors who are invested with the representative character in preeminence, the latter comprising all other ministers, who do not possess that exalted character. This is the most necessary distinction, and indeed the only essential one. Vattel liv. 4, c. 6, 73.

RESIDENT, persons. A person coming into a place with intention to establish his domicil or permanent residence, and who in consequence actually remains there. Time is not so essential as the intent, executed by making or beginning an actual establishment, though it be abandoned in a longer, or shorter period. See 6 Hall's Law Journ. 68; 3 Hagg. Eccl. R. 373; 20 John. 211 2 Pet. Ad. R. 450; 2 Scamm. R. 377.
Black’s Law Dictionary, 1st Edition, 1891
RES. Lat.

In the civil law.
A thing; an object. As a term of the law, this word has a very wide and extensive signification, including not only things which are objects of property, but also such as are not capable of individual ownership. See Inst. 2, 1. pr.

And in old English law it is said to have a general import, comprehending both corporeal and incorporeal things of whatever kind, nature, or species. 3 Inst. 182. See Bract. fol. 7b.

By “res,” according to the modern civilians, is meant everything that may form an object of rights, in opposition to “persona,” which is regarded as a subject of rights. “Res,” therefore, in its general meaning, comprises actions of all kinds; while in its restricted sense it comprehends every object of right, except actions. Mackeld. Rom. Law, § 146. This has reference to the fundamental division of the Institutes, that all law relates either to persons, to things, or to actions. Inst. 1, 2. 12.

In modern usage, the term is particularly applied to an object, subject-matter, or status, considered as the defendant in an action, or as the object against which, directly, proceedings are taken. Thus, in a prize case, the captured vessel is “the res." And proceedings of this character are said to be in rem. (See IN Personam; IN Remn.) “Res” may also denote the action or proceeding, as when a cause, which is not between adversary parties, is entitled “In re ."

One who has his residence in a place. “Resident” and “inhabitant” are distinguishable in meaning. The word “inhabitant” implies a more fixed and permanent abode than does “resident;" and a resident may not be entitled to all the privileges or subject to all the duties of an inhabitant. 19 Wend. 11.

Living or dwelling in a certain place permanently or for a considerable length of time. The place where a man makes his home, or where he dwells permanently or for an extended period of time.

The difference between a residence and a domicile may not be capable of easy definition; but every one can see at least this distinction: A person domiciled in one state may, for temporary reasons, such as health, reside for one or more years in some other place deemed more favorable. He does not, by so doing, forfeit his domicile in the first state, or, in any proper sense, become a non-resident of it, unless some intention, manifested by some act, of abandoning his residence in the first state is shown. 1 Mo. App. 40-1.

“Residence" means a fixed and permanent abode or dwelling-place for the time being, as contradistinguished from a mere temporary locality of existence. So does “inhabitancy; " and the two are distinguishable in this respect from “domicile.” 8 Wend. 134.

As they are used in the New York Code of Procedure, the terms “residence” and “resident” mean legal residence; and legal residence is the place of a man’s fixed habitation, where his political rights are to be exercised, and where he is liable to taxation. 16 How. Pr. 77.
From Wex Law Dictionary
1. The place where one actually lives, which may be different from one's domicile.
2. The act of living somewhere for a period of time. A state may define this length of time and provide certain privileges only to residents of the state.

A resident of a state, unlike one who simply has continuous dealings with others in the state, has entered into a permanent relationship with the forum. The "nature" of that relationship is distinct. It may be inferred from Helicopteros that general jurisdiction requires such permanence, as it is difficult to imagine a business relationship absent residence stronger than that which bound the defendant to Texas. However, assuming that residency or at least a permanent presence in the state is necessary before general jurisdiction may be asserted, it is not clear that that is all that is necessary.
Prentiss v. Brennan
"A person may be a citizen of the United States, and not a citizen of any particular state. This is the condition of citizens residing in the District of Columbia and in the territories of the United States or who have taken up a residence abroad."

What is a Res-Ident? Download essay HERE.
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