Capital, Capitalize, Capitalist

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Capital, Capitalize, Capitalist

Post by notmartha » Wed Feb 10, 2016 7:28 am


KJV References

Not found

Webster’s Dictionary of the English Language, 1828
CAPITAL, adjective
1. Literally, pertaining to the head; as a capital bruise, in Milton, a bruise on the head.
2. Figuratively, as the head is the highest part of a man, chief; principal; first in importance; as a capital city or town; the capital articles of religion.
3. Punishable by loss of the head or of life; incurring the forfeiture of life; punishable with death; as, treason and murder are capital offenses or crimes.
4. Taking away life, as a capital punishment; or affecting life, as a capital trial.
5. Great, important, though perhaps not chief; as, a town possesses capital advantages for trade.
6. Large; of great size; as capital letters, which are of different form, and larger than common letters.

CAPITAL stock, is the sum of money or stock which a merchant, banker or manufacturer employs in his business; either the original stock, or that stock augmented. Also, the sum of money or stock which each partner contributes to the joint fund or stock of the partnership; also, the common fund or stock of the company, whether incorporated or not.
A capital city or town is the metropolis or chief city of an empire, kingdom, state or province. The application of the epithet indicates the city to be the largest, or to be the seat of government, or both. In many instances, the capital that is, the largest city, is not the seat of government.

CAPITAL, noun The uppermost part of a column, pillar or pilaster, serving as the head or crowning, and placed immediately over the shaft, and under the entablature.
By the customary omission of the noun, to which the adjective, capital refers, it stand for,
1. The chief city or town in a kingdom or state; a metropolis.
2. A large letter or type, in printing.
3. A stock in trade, in manufactures, or in any business requiring the expenditure of money with a view to profit.
Bouvier’s Law Dictionary, 1856
CAPITAL, political economy, commerce.

1. In political economy, it is that portion of the produce of a country, which may be made directly available either to support the human species or to the facilitating of production.

2. In commerce, as applied to individuals, it is those objects, whether consisting of money or other property, which a merchant, trader, or other person adventures in an undertaking, or which he contributes to the common stock of a partnership. 2 Bouv. Inst. n. 1458.

3. It signifies money put out at interest.

4. The fund of a trading company or corporation is also called capital, but in this sense the word stock is generally added to it; thus we say the capital stock of the Bank of North America.
Black's Law Dictionary, 1st Edition, 1890
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WEX Legal Dictionary
The available assets of a business, including liquid assets (cash) and/or physical assets (machinery, buildings, and equipment).

Webster's New World Dictionary, Third College Edition, 1988
Capital: "Wealth (money or property) owned or used in business by a person, corporation, etc. Any source of benefit or assistance".

Capitalize: "To print or write a word or words in capital letters."

State of the Union Address, Franklin D. Roosevelt, January 3, 1938
Capital is essential; reasonable earnings on capital are essential; but misuse of the powers of capital or selfish suspension of the employment of capital must be ended, or the capitalistic system will destroy itself through its own abuses. The overwhelming majority of business men and bankers intend to be good citizens. Only a small minority have displayed poor citizenship by engaging in practices which are dishonest or definitely harmful to society. This statement is straightforward and true. No person in any responsible place in the Government of the United States today has ever taken any position contrary to it.

But, unfortunately for the country, when attention is called to, or attack is made on specific misuses of capital, there has been a deliberate purpose on the part of the condemned minority to distort the criticism into an attack on all capital. That is wilful deception but it does not long deceive.

If attention is called to, or attack made on, certain wrongful business practices, there are those who are eager to call it "an attack on all business." That, too, is wilful deception that will not long deceive. Let us consider certain facts:

There are practices today which most people believe should be ended. They include tax avoidance through corporate and other methods, which I have previously mentioned; excessive capitalization, investment write-ups and security manipulations; price rigging and collusive bidding in defiance of the spirit of the antitrust laws by methods which baffle prosecution under the present statutes. They include high-pressure salesmanship which creates cycles of overproduction within given industries and consequent recessions in production until such time as the surplus is consumed; the use of patent laws to enable larger corporations to maintain high prices and withhold from the public the advantages of the progress of science; unfair competition which drives the smaller producer out of business locally, regionally or even on a national scale; intimidation of local or state government to prevent the enactment of laws for the protection of labor by threatening to move elsewhere; the shifting of actual production from one locality or region to another in pursuit of the cheapest wage scale.

The enumeration of these abuses does not mean that business as a whole is guilty of them. Again, it is deception that will not long deceive to tell the country that an attack on these abuses is an attack on business.

Another group of problems affecting business, which cannot be termed specific abuses, gives us food for grave thought about the future. Generically such problems arise out of the concentration of economic control to the detriment of the body politic--control of other people's money, other people's labor, other people's lives.
Murray N. Rothbard said:
Since the State necessarily lives by the compulsory confiscation of private capital, and since its expansion necessarily involves ever-greater incursions on private individuals and private enterprise, we must assert that the state is profoundly and inherently anti-capitalist.
J. P. Morgan said:
Capital must protect itself in every way... Debts must be collected and loans and mortgages foreclosed as soon as possible. When through a process of law the common people have lost their homes, they will be more tractable and more easily governed by the strong arm of the law applied by the central power of leading financiers. People without homes will not quarrel with their leaders. This is well known among our principle men now engaged in forming an imperialism of capitalism to govern the world. By dividing the people we can get them to expend their energies in fighting over questions of no importance to us except as teachers of the common herd.
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Re: Capital, Capitalize, Capitalist

Post by notmartha » Wed Feb 10, 2016 7:41 am


KJV References

The word “capitalist” is not found in the KJV. The word “publican” which Smith and Vincent compare to “capitalist” is found 23 times.

Telōnēs, Greek Strong's #5057, is found 22 times in the New Testament. It is translated as “publican,” meaning a tax-farmer, i.e. collector of public revenue, in the following verses:
Matthew 5:46 – 47 - For if ye love them which love you, what reward have ye? do not even the publicans the same? And if ye salute your brethren only, what do ye more than others? do not even the publicans so?

Matthew 9:10 – 11 - And it came to pass, as Jesus sat at meat in the house, behold, many publicans and sinners came and sat down with him and his disciples. And when the Pharisees saw it, they said unto his disciples, Why eateth your Master with publicans and sinners?

Matthew 10:3 - Philip, and Bartholomew; Thomas, and Matthew the publican; James the son of Alphaeus, and Lebbaeus, whose surname was Thaddaeus;

Matthew 11:19 - The Son of man came eating and drinking, and they say, Behold a man gluttonous, and a winebibber, a friend of publicans and sinners. But wisdom is justified of her children.

Matthew 18:17 - And if he shall neglect to hear them, tell it unto the church: but if he neglect to hear the church, let him be unto thee as an heathen man and a publican.

Matthew 21:31 – 32 - Whether of them twain did the will of his father? They say unto him, The first. Jesus saith unto them, Verily I say unto you, That the publicans and the harlots go into the kingdom of God before you. For John came unto you in the way of righteousness, and ye believed him not: but the publicans and the harlots believed him: and ye, when ye had seen it, repented not afterward, that ye might believe him.

Mark 2:15 – 16 - And it came to pass, that, as Jesus sat at meat in his house, many publicans and sinners sat also together with Jesus and his disciples: for there were many, and they followed him. And when the scribes and Pharisees saw him eat with publicans and sinners, they said unto his disciples, How is it that he eateth and drinketh with publicans and sinners?

Luke 3:12 - Then came also publicans to be baptized, and said unto him, Master, what shall we do?

Luke 5:27-30 - And after these things he went forth, and saw a publican, named Levi, sitting at the receipt of custom: and he said unto him, Follow me. And he left all, rose up, and followed him. And Levi made him a great feast in his own house: and there was a great company of publicans and of others that sat down with them. But their scribes and Pharisees murmured against his disciples, saying, Why do ye eat and drink with publicans and sinners?

Luke 7:29-34 - And all the people that heard him, and the publicans, justified God, being baptized with the baptism of John. But the Pharisees and lawyers rejected the counsel of God against themselves, being not baptized of him. And the Lord said, Whereunto then shall I liken the men of this generation? and to what are they like? They are like unto children sitting in the marketplace, and calling one to another, and saying, We have piped unto you, and ye have not danced; we have mourned to you, and ye have not wept. For John the Baptist came neither eating bread nor drinking wine; and ye say, He hath a devil. The Son of man is come eating and drinking; and ye say, Behold a gluttonous man, and a winebibber, a friend of publicans and sinners!

Luke 15:1 - Then drew near unto him all the publicans and sinners for to hear him.

Luke 18:10-14 - Two men went up into the temple to pray; the one a Pharisee, and the other a publican. The Pharisee stood and prayed thus with himself, God, I thank thee, that I am not as other men are, extortioners, unjust, adulterers, or even as this publican. I fast twice in the week, I give tithes of all that I possess. And the publican, standing afar off, would not lift up so much as his eyes unto heaven, but smote upon his breast, saying, God be merciful to me a sinner. I tell you, this man went down to his house justified rather than the other: for every one that exalteth himself shall be abased; and he that humbleth himself shall be exalted.
Architelōnēs, Greek Strong's #754, is used 1 time in the New Testament, translated as “chief among the publicans” in the following verse:
Luke 19:2 - And, behold, there was a man named Zacchaeus, which was the chief among the publicans, and he was rich.
Smith's Bible Dictionary, William Smith, 1863
The class designated by this word in the New Testament were employed as collectors of the Roman revenue. The Roman senate farmed the vectigalia (direct taxes) and the portorin (customs) to capitalists who undertook to pay a given sum into the treasury (in publicum), and so received the name of publicani. Contracts of this kind fell naturally into the hands of the equites, as the richest class of Romans. They appointed managers, under whom were the portitores, the actual custom-house officers, who examined each bale of goods, exported or imported, assessed its value more or less arbitrarily, wrote out the ticket, and enforced payment. The latter were commonly natives of the province in which they were stationed as being brought daily into contact with all classes of the population. The name pubicani was used popularly, and in the New Testament exclusively, of the portitores. The system was essentially a vicious one. The portitores were encouraged in the most vexatious or fraudulent exactions and a remedy was all but impossible. They overcharged whenever they had an opportunity, they brought false charges of smuggling in the hope of extorting hush-money they detained and opened letters on mere suspicion. It was the basest of all livelihoods. All this was enough to bring the class into ill favor everywhere. In Judea and Galilee there were special circumstances of aggravation. The employment brought out all the besetting vices of the Jewish character. The strong feeling of many Jews as to the absolute unlawfulness of paying tribute at all made matters worse. The scribes who discussed the question, for the most part answered it in the negative. In addition to their other faults, accordingly, the publicans of the New Testament were regarded as traitors and apostates, defiled by their frequent intercourse with the heathen, willing tools of the oppressor. The class thus practically excommunicated furnished some of the earliest disciples both of the Baptist and of our Lord. The position of Zacchæus as a "chief among the publicans," implies a gradation of some kind among the persons thus employed.
Word Studies in the New Testament, Marvin Vincent, 1886
Publicans (τελῶναι)
From τέλος, a tax, and ὠνέομαι, to buy. The collectors of Roman imposts. The Romans farmed out the direct taxes and customs-duties to capitalists, on their payment of a certain sum in publicum, into the public treasury, whence they were called publicani, publicans. Sometimes this sum, being greater than any one person could pay, was paid by a company. Under these were the submagistri, living in the provinces; and under these again the portitores, or actual custom-house officers, who are referred to by the term τελῶναι in the New Testament. They were often chosen from the dregs of the people, and were so notorious for their extortions that they were habitually included in the same category with harlots and sinners. "If a Jew could scarcely persuade himself that it was right to pay taxes, how much more heinous a crime must it have been in his eyes to become the questionably honest instrument for collecting them. If a publican was hated, how still more intense must have been the disgust entertained against a publican who was also a Jew" (Farrar, "Life of Christ"). The word "publican," as a popular term of reproach, was used even by our Lord (Matthew 18:17). Even the Gentiles despised them. Farrar cites a Greek saying, "All publicans are robbers."
Webster’s Dictionary of the English Language, 1828
A man who has a capital or stock in trade, usually denoting a man of large property, which is or may be employed in business.
Century Dictionary, 1895
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A Dictionary of Marxist Thought, Gajo Petrović, 1983
The act (or result of the act) of transforming human properties, relations and actions into properties, relations and actions of man produced things which have become independent (and which are imagined as originally independent) of man and govern his life. Also transformation of human beings into thing like beings which do not behave in a human way but according to the laws of the thing world. Reification is a ‘special’ case of ALIENATION, its most radical and widespread form characteristic of modern capitalist society.
Are You… Liberal? Conservative? Or Confused?, Richard Maybury, 2004
Capitalism. Great emphasis on free trade and limited government. Widespread respect and, in some cases, reverence for the individual’s right to life, liberty, and property. Capitalism is the stage [of Marxist social evolution] in which massive amounts of savings are accumulated because taxes are low. The savings are available for what economists call “capital formation” – the creation of large machines, farms, factories, offices, and other sources of jobs and production. Under capitalism life spans lengthen as the tools finally become available to conquer disease, cold, hunger, and filth. Marxists believe capitalism is hard on workers because employers earn more money than workers do. It may not be an exaggeration to say the American Revolution was a war to legalize capitalism.
Anti-Thought Control Dictionary, Ben Williams ... capitalism

CONTROLLED MEANING: Freedom to invest in, and own, property. Free Enterprise. The opposite of Communism. The thing that keeps us free in the Western World. Capitalism exists only in democracies like America, Britain, and Western Europe.

CORRECT MEANING: A term, first used in the English language in 1854, for a system which profits from manipulation of "capital" rather than from work, genius and production. It provides for, and protects, plutocrats (those who rule by wealth — Capitalist prototypes) who profiteer from "capital" swindled from the industry, skills and labor of others. Capitalists neither labor nor create. They worship capital, which they hold sacred above all else — above law, truth, liberty and even life. Bankers (Plutocrats) hold mortgage on, and collect usury from, nearly all capital in existence. They are the epitome of Capitalism.

"Capitalism," then, is merely a euphemism for the Debt/Usury Banking System. It is NOT "free enterprise," but tightly controlled and restricted. It completely demolishes freedom by imposing controls, restrictions and taxes upon all labor and property. In contrast, free commerce and property cannot be regulated. Capitalism eliminates competition by transferring wealth into the hands of the banking plutocrats who use it to enslave the people.

Capitalism and Communism are not opposites. Capitalism is simply a system which favors Capitalists. A Capitalist is one who profits from Capital. Capital is the trading stock of a company, corporation or individual. Capitalists neither labor nor create. They profiteer off others' industry, skills and labor.

The main difference between Western economics ("Capitalism") and Eastern economics ("Communism") is that Capitalists enslave people subtly by controlling Capital, while Communists enslave people openly — showing that the slaves, themselves, are the "Capital" or "trading stock" (see DAS KAPITAL, by Karl Marx). Either way, the public is enslaved and forced to support the financial and political rulers.

Points of logic:
1. Capitalists worship Capital. Capital is held sacred above all else — above law, truth, liberty and even life (see Rev. 18:9-13 "souls of men" is last in priority).
2. Bankers own, or hold mortgage on, nearly all Capital. Therefore, bankers are the stockholders and the real Capitalists.
3. "Capitalism" is merely a euphemism for the "Debt/Usury Banking System.

See “The Rise and Fall of Capitalism” by Ben Williams

Alexander Solzhenitsyn:
There also exists another alliance -- at first glance a strange one, a surprising one -- but if you think about it, in fact, one which is well grounded and easy to understand. This is the alliance between our Communist leaders and your capitalists. This alliance is not new. ... We observe continuous and steady support by the businessmen of the West of the Soviet Communist leaders.
John Maynard Keynes:
Lenin is said to have declared that the best way to destroy the Capitalist System was to debauch the currency. By a continuing process of inflation, governments can confiscate, secretly and unobserved, an important part of the wealth of their citizens.
… Lenin was certainly right. There is no subtler, no surer means of overturning the existing basis of society than to debauch the currency. The process engages all the hidden forces of economic law on the side of destruction, and does it in a manner which not one man in a million is able to diagnose.
Michael Rothschild:
Fortunately, political freedom and economic progress are natural partners. Despite capitalism's lingering reputation as the source of all the world's evils, the fact remains that every single democracy is a capitalist country. Half a century of economic experimentation proved beyond doubt that tyranny cannot yield prosperity. ... Socialism collapsed because it is a policy of unrestrained intervention. It tries to fix what is 'wrong' with the spontaneous, self-organizaing phenomenon called capitalism. But, of course, a natural process cannot be 'fixed.' ... Socialism is an ideology. Capitalism is a natural phenomenon.
Dr. Ron Paul:
Capitalism should not be condemned, since we haven’t had capitalism. A system of capitalism presumes sound money, not fiat money manipulated by a central bank. Capitalism cherishes voluntary contracts and interest rates that are determined by savings, not credit creation by a central bank. It’s not capitalism when the system is plagued with incomprehensible rules regarding mergers, acquisitions, and stock sales, along with wage controls, price controls, protectionism, corporate subsidies, international management of trade, complex and punishing corporate taxes, privileged government contracts to the military-industrial complex, and a foreign policy controlled by corporate interests and overseas investments. Add to this centralized federal mismanagement of farming, education, medicine, insurance, banking and welfare. This is not capitalism!
Ayn Rand:
Make no mistake about it -- and tell it to your Republican friends: capitalism and altruism cannot coexist in the same man or in the same society. Tell it to anyone who attempts to justify capitalism on the ground of the "public good" or the "general welfare" or "service to society" or the benefit it brings to the poor. All these things are true, but they are the by-products, the secondary consequences of capitalism -- not its goal, purpose or moral justification. The moral justification of capitalism is man's right to exist for his own sake, neither sacrificing himself to others nor sacrificing others to himself; it is the recognition that man -- every man -- is an end in himself, not a means to the ends of others, not a sacrificial animal serving anyone's need.
Sir Winston Churchill:
The inherent vice of capitalism is the uneven division of blessings, while the inherent virtue of socialism is the equal division of misery.
Nikita Khrushchev:
We can't expect the American People to jump from Capitalism to Communism, but we can assist their elected leaders in giving them small doses of Socialism, until they awaken one day to find that they have Communism.
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Re: Capital, Capitalize, Capitalist

Post by notmartha » Wed Feb 10, 2016 8:21 am


Century Dictionary, 1895
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Webster's New World Dictionary, Third College Edition, 1988
Capitalization: "Converting something into capital. Using capital letters in writing and printing."
WEX Legal Dictionary
1) In the accounting context, it is where a cost is recorded as a price of the asset rather than as an expenditure.
2) In the corporate context, it is a firm's "invested capital," meaning the business' corporate stock plus long-term debt plus retained earnings.
3) The total dollar value of a company's outstanding shares - better known as market capitalization. It is calculated by multiplying the total number of outstanding shares by the market value of one share.
An essay about CAPITALIZATION:
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When things (people, property, etc.) are pledged as contributions to the common fund of STATE, they are converted (see also reification) into capital, i.e. CAPITALIZED.
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Re: Capital, Capitalize, Capitalist

Post by notmartha » Sun Feb 21, 2016 2:14 pm

The Roman alphabet is all CAPITAL letters, like this:
roman alphabet.JPG
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Fictions called "corporations", originated in Rome and are LEGAL PERSONS.

Chief Justice Marshall of the Supreme Court of the United States of America defined the term corporation:
"A corporation is an artificial being, invisible, intangible, and existing only in contemplation of law."
They can be aggregate (consisting of multiple persons) or sole (consisting of one person). Corporations are to be issued new names.

from HERE:

Under the Roman law as well as under the English common law a corporation must, necessarily, have a name, and by that name alone it must appear in court and must conduct all of its transactions. Such a name is said by Blackstone to be for a corporation, "the very being of its constitution". The name of incorporation is said by Sir Edward Coke to be its proper name or name of baptism.
§ 133. Powers of Department of State.

(a) General rule.--The department has the power and authority reasonably necessary to enable it to administer this subchapter efficiently and to perform the functions specified...
(3) Regulations, which the department is hereby authorized to promulgate, that:
(vi) Specify the symbols or characters which:
(A) do not make a name distinguishable on the records of the department; or
(B) may be used in the name of an entity.
§ 202. Requirements for names generally.

(a) General rule.--The proper name of a covered association may be in any language, but it must be expressed in Roman letters or characters, Arabic or Roman numerals or symbols or characters specified by regulation of the department under section 133(a)(3)(vi) (relating to powers of Department of State).
You are likely to find similar wording in the statutes of each STATE.

Further evidence that the use of ALL CAPS is an internal regulation in order for STATE to perform its needed functions (capitalization; conversion) in regards to legal fictions.
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