Gladio, Propganda Due and the Vatican

False Flag -- A horrific, staged event, blamed on a political enemy and used as a pretext to start a war or enact draconian laws in the name of national security.
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Gladio, Propganda Due and the Vatican

Post by Firestarter » Sat Jul 29, 2017 1:10 pm

I had previously posted this in the following thread (on admitted false attacks): https://www.lawfulpath.com/forum/viewto ... =31&t=1058
According to the Editor of Lawfulpath, it deserves its own thread, while it's doubftful if this all fits in the "admitted" false flags (as not everything has been admitted).
I will repost the 3 posts that I first made in the other thread in the same order as I posted them there...
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Re: Gladio, Propaganda Due and the Vatican

Post by Firestarter » Sat Jul 29, 2017 1:13 pm

Maybe the most interesting in this collection of false flag attacks; are the terror attacks in Europe by NATO. This is usually tagged under the name “operation Gladio”; that was its name in Italy, some of the other names (in other countries): Absalon - Denmark, ROC - Norway and SDRA8 – Belgium.
editor wrote:
12. The former Italian Prime Minister, an Italian judge, and the former head of Italian counterintelligence admit that NATO, with the help of the Pentagon and CIA, carried out terror bombings in Italy and other European countries in the 1950s through the 1980s and blamed the communists, in order to rally people’s support for their governments in Europe in their fight against communism.

As one participant in this formerly-secret program stated: “You had to attack civilians, people, women, children, innocent people, unknown people far removed from any political game. The reason was quite simple. They were supposed to force these people, the Italian public, to turn to the state to ask for greater security” … so that “a state of emergency could be declared, so people would willingly trade part of their freedom for the security” (and see this) (Italy and other European countries subject to the terror campaign had joined NATO before the bombings occurred). And watch this BBC special. They also allegedly carried out terror attacks in France, Belgium, Denmark, Germany, Greece, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, the UK, and other countries.

The CIA also stressed to the head of the Italian program that Italy needed to use the program to control internal uprisings.

False flag attacks carried out pursuant to this program include – by way of example only:
  • The murder of the Turkish Prime Minister (1960)
  • Bombings in Portugal (1966)
  • The Piazza Fontana massacre in Italy (1969)
  • Terror attacks in Turkey (1971)
  • The Peteano bombing in Italy (1972)
  • Shootings in Brescia, Italy and a bombing on an Italian train (1974)
  • Shootings in Istanbul, Turkey (1977)
  • The Atocha massacre in Madrid, Spain (1977)
  • The abduction and murder of the Italian Prime Minister (1978) (and see this)
  • The bombing of the Bologna railway station in Italy (1980)
  • Shooting and killing 28 shoppers in Brabant county, Belgium (1985)
The problem here is that I have found some interesting information, but not the whole story.
The book by Daniele Ganser is the most reported in this context, but it is severely flawed as it tries to convince us that these false flag attacks were done in a fight against Communism. According to Ganser operation Gladio was dissolved in 1990 (at the end of the cold war).
Any fool can see that false flag attacks have continued since 1990. In reality NATO, Warschaupact, and intelligence agencies worldwide were working together in their fight against humanity. The “cold war” was a complete lie from start to finish.
I put a link to his book here, as I haven’t found something better. Daniele Ganser “NATO’s secret armies: Operation Gladio and Terrorism in Western Europe” (2005): http://sandiego.indymedia.org/media/2006/10/119640.pdf

Here’s a summary of the most important history facts in the Ganser book; this also includes several terrorist attacks in Africa:
http://www.globalresearch.ca/secret-war ... es/5303061
If I understand correctly, the most important revelation about Gladio, which got this a little in the open, is that in 1990 in Italy Judge Felice Casson discovered documents on Operation Gladio. Prime Minister Giulio Andreotti then confirmed the secret army within the state in front of parliament. Andreotti told that the secret stay-behind armies are spread across Western Europe.
Subsequently in various countries the secret NATO army was confirmed.
That this is broader than just NATO is clear because the secret armies “with indirect links to NATO” were also present in 4 “neutral countries”: Sweden, Finland, Austria and Switzerland.
The secret armies were controlled by a central coordination point (ACC, CPC or SHAPE) for the terrorist attacks:
Presidents, Interior Ministers and Defence Ministers, were involved in the conspiracy, while the 'Allied Clandestine Committee' (ACC), sometimes also euphemistically called the 'Allied Co-ordination Committee' and the 'Clandestine Planning Committee' (CPC), less conspicuously at times also called 'Coordination and Planning Committee' of NATO's Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe (SHAPE), coordinated the networks on the international level. The last confirmed secret meeting of ACC with representatives of European secret services took place on October 24, 1990 in Brussels.

Wikipedia has some information on Gladio: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Gladio

There has got to be a better source on Gladio than Ganser and (once again) CFR-member Steve Pieczenik that has spread misinformation on the murder of the Italian Prime Minister Aldo Moro in 1978.

Another name mentioned in this context is that of Sibel Edmonds that started working for the FBI in September 2001 as a translator, and wants us to believe that she was fired in March 2002 by the FBI because she turned whistleblower.
Edmonds claims that the FBI started a new operation in 1997 under the codename “Gladio B”.
Edmonds has published an autobiographical book in 2012 that’s not openly viewable (which could be a good sign), but I don’t think we can expect much from her…
The most interesting information that I found from Edmonds is an interview with James Corbett. For me this is interesting because it involves Turkey, England and my home country the Netherlands.
Edmonds was contacted by the attorney of the Turkish Kurd Baybasin, Adele van der Plas. Baybasin was sentenced to life in prison on 30 July 2002; when member of the Raad van State, Piet Hein Donner, was selected Minister of Justice by (then) Queen Beatrix on 22 July 2002. Donner was Minister almost continuously until December 2011, when he was selected as Vice-President of the Raad van State (comparable to Queen Elizabeth’s Privy Council).

Edmonds states that Baybasin was involved in drugs trafficking connected to NATO in Turkey, Britain and the Netherlands. She also stresses the importance of Cypriot banks in laundering dope money from Turkey.
Edmonds describes the case of NATO general Willem Matser that was in charge of the NATO-base in Romania. So NATO was also active in Romania?!?
Matser was involved in cocaine trafficking; a multimillion business. Suddenly he was arrested by the Dutch police and charged with money laundering of $200 million. After he got sentenced, he was already released about half a year later.
Corbett added that the Cypriot banks are important because they have a Greek and a Turkish side, and are favoured by the Russian mafia and oligarchs: https://www.corbettreport.com/gladio-b- ... ing-money/
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Re: Gladio, Propaganda Due and the Vatican

Post by Firestarter » Sat Jul 29, 2017 2:00 pm

I think I’ve found the book that the limited hangout operations of Daniele Ganser and Sibel Edmonds on Gladio were meant to bury: Jack Greene and Alessandro Massignani – The Black Prince and the Sea Devils: The Story of Valerio Borghese and the Elite Units of the Decima Mas (2004).
Unfortunately I couldn’t find this book viewable on the internet.

Gladio leads to the Propaganda Due (P2) Masonic lodge founded in 1945 in Italy. P2 was a continuation of "Propaganda Massonica" founded in 1877.
P2 was linked to the Sovereign Military Order of Malta (SMOM: the army of the Vatican), the full name is the “Sovereign Military and Hospitaller Order of St. John of Jerusalem, of Rhodes, and of Malta”, also known as "the Knights of St. John" or the "Knights of Malta".
In the last period P2 was headed by Licio Gelli. P2 was also active in Uruguay, Brazil and Argentina, and was involved in the "Dirty War" in Argentina. Gelli claimed that he was a good friend of Juan Perón.

The activities of P2 were discovered by prosecutors while investigating the collapse of the bank of Michele Sindona, and his ties to the Mafia.
In March 1981, police found a list of alleged members of P2 in Gelli's house in Arezzo. It contained 962 names, that included important state officials, politicians and a number of military officers, the heads of the 3 Italian secret services (SISDE, SISMI and CESIS), Victor Emmanuel (the son of the last Italian king), a top manager of the Banco di Roma (then Italy's third largest bank), a director-general of the Banca Nazionale del Lavoro (Italy’s largest bank), and future Italian Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi.

The police investigation of the Bologna massacre on 2 August 1980, which killed 85 people and wounded more than 200, also implicated P2.
P2 was involved in the 1982 murder of Roberto Calvi in London (initially ruled a suicide).
Prime Minister Arnaldo Forlani had to resign over the P2 scandal, but not before he appointed a Parliamentary Commission of Inquiry, headed by the “independent” Tina Anselmi. The Parliamentary Commission of Inquiry concluded that the P2 lodge was a secret criminal organisation (a state within the state). A special law was issued that prohibited secret lodges (like P2): https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Propaganda_Due

The European Court of Human Rights (ECHR), decided after an action brought by a British naval officer that the laws that prohibit terrorist Masonic lodges in Italy are in violation of human rights...
The Council of Europe (CoE) was founded on 5 May 1949 by the Treaty of London, originally signed by 10 states: Belgium, Denmark, France, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Sweden and the United Kingdom. Since then most “regular” countries in Europe joined.
The ECHR was founded in 1950 by the CoE. The ECHR, seated in Strasbourg, France was founded to cover-up state terrorism.

Gladio, SMOM and P2 share several members, while the true power structure remains hidden (even for those involved).

James Hugh Angleton had spent much of his boyhood in Italy. In 1943-1944, OSS official Lt. Col. Angleton was X-2's liaison to Marshal Pietro Badoglio and other leaders of the Italian army.
In 1945, Italy's OSS chief James Angleton saved Junio Valerio Borghese, and then set up the clandestine structure in the Italian military and secret services, which produced the Italian section of Gladio. In 1946, the SMOM awarded its “Croce Al Merito Seconda Classe” to Angleton, around the same time SMOM honoured his boss Allen Dulles.
A member of the "Black Prince's" family, S. Giacomo, Prince Borghese, had been a Bailiff Grand Cross of Honor of Devotion in the SMOM since 1932, while P2 founder Licio Gelli and several of his top members, including secret service heads, were also Knights of Malta.

In 1949 and 1950, the CIA helped the Italian police set up secret units of counterinsurgency specialists. A new military intelligence agency, SIFAR, was organized under the direction of a covert American intelligence operative, Carmel Offie (nicknamed "the godfather").
The US poured $4 billion into covert activities in Italy between 1948 and 1953.
On Dec. 2, 1951, Borghese was named honorary president of the MSI. Borghese, under the guidance of Angleton, set up paramilitary units for use against the PCI. In 1952, the NATO-directed "Operation Demagnetize" was started, and SIFAR executed political and psychological operations against the PCI, including the covert use of armed force.
A Gladio training camp was started on the island Sardinia, run by the Americans and the British.
In 1955, Borghese became president of the union of former soldiers of the Salò Republic that recruited soldiers for Gladio.
In 1956, US Ambassador to Italy Clare Booth Luce — a Dame of Malta and wife of Time and Life magazine publisher Henry Luce — recommended a fellow SMOM member, Gen. Giovanni De Lorenzo, as the new head of SIFAR. In 1962, the CIA helped install De Lorenzo as head of the Carabinieri, while he was also in control of SIFAR (SIFAR was renamed to SID in 1965).

In 1963, Borghese became president of the “Banco di Credito Commerciale e Industriale”. This was the first bank of the Sicilian financier Michele Sindona, a Fascist during World War II, who later laundered heroin funds for the Sicilian mafia, and then became a power in P2.
In early May 1965, a meeting took place at the “Parco Dei Principi Hotel” in Rome, where according to Italian prosecutors the 1969-74 "Strategy of Tension was planned.
During the 1960s until his coup attempt in 1970, Borghese was involved in at least 3 fascist terror organizations: Delle Chiaie's AN; the ON; and the Fronte Nazionale (FN). FN was founded by Borghese in 1968 for the sole purpose, according to a document of SID: "to subvert the institutions of the state by means of a coup".

One of the first members of the FN, was P2 Grandmaster and Knight of Malta Licio Gelli.
When Nixon became president in 1969, the terror and coup attempts escalated. Some people claim that in reality Rockefeller agent Henry Kissinger (National Security Advisor at the time) was in charge of the terrorism. Kissinger used Gen. Alexander Haig to give his orders to Licio Gelli. The USA poured $10 million in 1970 alone to let terrorism take over Italy. The money funnelled to US Ambassador Graham Martin came through the Vatican banker and Borghese's friend and patron, Sindona.

In Italy, there were 147 attacks in 1968, another 398 in 1969, until a peak at 2,498 in 1978.
Borghese set up the political and military headquarters for the coup in Rome. On the night of 7 December 1970, a group of 50 AN paramilitaries led by Delle Chiaie was let into the Interior Ministry's armoury at the instruction of Angleton's old recruit, UAR head Federico D'Amato. According to newspaper accounts, Angleton himself arrived in Rome just before the coup attempt, and left just afterwards.
After the coup failed, Borghese fled to Franco's Spain, where he died in 1974 (according to Delle Chiaie by poisoning). Delle Chiaie and Borghese met Dictator Gen. Augusto Pinochet in Chile on 29 April 1974. Also present was Col. Jorge Carrasco, a protagonist in Operation Condor's tortures and murder.

One of Gladio's most infamous operations was the kidnapping and assassination of Italian Prime Minister Aldo Moro (reportedly he was threatened by Henry Kissinger himself).
When Aldo Moro was killed on 9 May 1978, ostensibly by the Red Brigades, he was dumped outside a Roman stadium where gladiators used to fight to the death (as a clear sign).

In Greece in 1967, the Center Union of former Prime Minister George Papandreou was expected to return to power.
On the night of 20-21 April 1967, the Greek military pulled a coup. It involved the Greek stay-behind army, LOK, and was based on the Prometheus plan, a NATO contingency plan for combating a "communist insurgency".
This coup was partially financed by P2's Michele Sindona, and Italians were sent to Greece for paramilitary training.

The Nov. 22, 1963 assassination of President John F. Kennedy was coordinated by the Rome and New Orleans-headquartered Permindex corporation. Permindex was chaired by Canada's Bloomfield, while its international arm, CMC, was based in Rome.
Clay Shaw's firm in New Orleans, International Trade Mart, was a subsidiary of Permindex/CMC. According to documents released through the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA), OSS veteran Shaw worked for the CIA. One of the names in Shaw's black book was that of Princess Marcella Borghese, a member of the Black Prince's family. Another name in his telephone book was that of Jack Ruby (who reportedly killed the patsy Lee Harvey Oswald).

Prime Minister Giulio Andreotti admitted the existence of Gladio in 1990. Then Adm. Pierre Lacoste, director of the France's military secret service DGSE (1982-85), admitted that "terrorist actions" against French President Charles de Gaulle were carried out by the French Gladio organisation.
A five-year “investigation” by France's SDECE intelligence agency found that a 1962 assassination attempt of De Gaulle had been planned from the Brussels headquarters of NATO by a group of British and French generals: http://www.larouchepub.com/other/2005/3 ... rince.html
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Re: Gladio, Propaganda Due and the Vatican

Post by Firestarter » Sat Jul 29, 2017 2:04 pm

I have found another book on Gladio, drugs trafficking, paedophilia and the involvement of CIA, NATO, freemasonry (P2), bankers and the Vatican in these criminal activities.
Paul L. Williams “Operation Gladio – The Unholy Alliance between the Vatican, the CIA, and the Mafia” (2014): https://www.docdroid.net/O8RyvNp/fgdg.pdf.html

This book is literally filled with information; a lot of it I had already summarised in this thread (and another thread in which I describe the war by drugs).
I’m not sure if the broad scope is good or bad. To me it looks like the Williams book is more a summary of writings of others than his own investigation. At the very least it’s much better than the (censored) book by Daniele Ganser.
Williams names the following writers specifically on who he’s based most of his book: Alfred McCoy, Peter Dale Scott, Martin A. Lee, Dale Yallop, and Sibel Edmonds.


In 1967, Italian Judge Emilio Alessandrini wrote that the Bilderberg Group is one of the biggest promoters of the “strategy of tension”, and behind massacres in Italy. Alessandrini was killed in 1979.
In 2013 Ferdinando Imposimato, a former prosecutor and honorary president of the Italian Supreme Court, published a book in which he writes that the Bilderberg Group in partnership with the CIA orchestrated massacres of political activists during the 70s and 80s in Italy: http://deadlinelive.info/2013/04/12/ita ... the-cia-2/

Ferdinando Imposimato based his accusations on a document by a former Ordine Nuovo (Italian for New Order) terrorist, from which he concluded that Bilderberg used the far right Ordine Nuovo to commit terrorist activities.
Gladiator Vincenzo Vinciguerra explained:
You had to attack civilians, the people, women, children, innocent people, unknown people far removed from any political game (…)
The reason was quite simple. They were supposed to force these people, the Italian public, to turn to the state to ask for greater security. This is the political logic that lies behind all the massacres and the bombings which remain unpunished, because the state cannot convict itself or declare itself responsible for what happened
” - http://www.reinvestigate911.org/content ... ourt-judge
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Re: Gladio, Propaganda Due and the Vatican

Post by Firestarter » Sat Jul 29, 2017 2:08 pm

I’ve found another book; David Yallop – In God’s name, an investigation into the murder of Pope John Paul I (1984): http://docshare04.docshare.tips/files/2 ... 435065.pdf
I’ve tried to keep the summary of this book short, but I’m afraid it’s too long...

The main person in this book is P2 member Michele Sindona, with excellent connections in the Italian and American Mafia and the Vatican.
I thought that this book was mostly about the involvement in both the terrorist attacks in the “Strategy of tension” and the murder of Albino Luciani in 1978 (33 days after he became Pope John Paul I) by the Masonic Lodge Propaganda Due (P2). However, the murder of Albino Luciani is only a small part of the book, the false flags are mostly ignored, but it’s mostly about how P2 laundered drugs profits with the help of the Vatican bank.


SINDONA – THE SHARK
Lawyer Michele Sindona started his career in 1942 buying food on the Black Market in Palermo and smuggling it with the aid of the Mafia to Messina, where it was sold to the starving population.
The Gambino family made Sindona an offer to manage the family’s re-investment of the huge profits from the sales of heroin. Sindona attended a Mafia summit on 2 November 1957. Seventeen months later he had bought his first bank, with Mafia funding.
Sindona created a Liechtenstein holding company, Fasco AG. Shortly afterwards in 1959, Fasco acquired the Milanese Banca Privata Finanziaria (BPF). The same year, Sindona also acquired the Banca di Messina, with 2.4 million dollars in funding (mainly from the Vatican and CIA).
Continental Bank of Illinois, bought 22% of the BPF bank from Sindona.

Sindona forged close links with Massimo Spada, one of the Vatican’s “trusted men”.
In 1964, Sindona acquired another bank, the Banque de Financement in Geneva, Finabank. Vatican retained a 29% share in the bank, while Hambros of London and Continental Illinois of Chicago also had a stake.

Carlo Bordoni was recruited to set up the brokerage company, Moneyrex, on 5 February 1965. By 1967, run in an “ethical” manner, it was dealing in a volume of 40 billion dollars per year with net profits in excess of 2 million dollars.
Bordoni also looked over the banking operations of BPF and Finabank starting in 1966 - he was shocked. BPF was a tiny bank that could only survive through masked foreign currency “black operations” on behalf of Credito Italiano, Banca Commerciale Italiana and other large Italian banks. Bordoni also found massive theft. The staff was transferring large amounts of money from the accounts of depositors without their knowledge. These sums were then moved to an account held by the Vatican Bank. The Vatican Bank took 15% commission before transferring the amounts to Sindona’s personal account at Finabank in Geneva.
Bordoni’s discoveries at Finabank were almost worse. The Managing Director, Mario Olivero played the share, commodity and currency markets all day. If he lost, the loss was transferred to a client’s account. If he won the profit was his.

In September 1973: in New York the Prime Minister of Italy, Giulio Andreotti, hails Sindona as “the Saviour of the Lira”. In January 1974, US Ambassador John Volpe congratulates Sindona (on the right) on being named the American Club “Man of The Year”.
Image


MARCINKUS – VATICAN INC
All of the criminal activities by Sindona happened with the knowledge and full support of the Istituto per le Opere di Religione (IOR, the Vatican Bank).
In 1967, the American Bishop Paul Marcinkus (the Gorilla) originally from Cicero near Chicago, was appointed as the Vatican Bank’s Secretary by Pope Paul VI. Since then he was practically running the Bank. Before 1967, the Vatican had already for a few years been involved with Sindona.
Since 1971, Marcinkus had been on the board of directors of Cisalpine (Banco Ambrosiano Overseas) in Nassau, the Bahamas. Sindona and Calvi gave Marcinkus and the Vatican Bank 8% of Cisalpine in return.

The Vatican Bank also owned some 20% of the Banca Unione; on the Board of Directors were Massimo Spada and Luigi Mennini. Mennini speculated, on behalf of the Vatican Bank, in foreign currencies alongside Bordoni.
The bulk of the Vatican’s investments on the US Stock Market were funnelled through Continental Illinois.

In 1971, the Banca Cattolica del Veneto was “sold” by the Vatican to Calvi. On 29 October 1971, when the sale was completed, the shares were re-assigned to Zitropo, the company owned at the time by Sindona. Later Zitropo became first a Calvi-owned asset and then a Vatican Bank asset. The shares of Banca Cattolica remained in the Vatican safe.
On paper the Vatican Bank had made a profit of 7,724,378,100 lire by hiking the price of the shares. In reality Calvi paid the Vatican Bank 800 million lire for the privilege of using their name and facilities…
The Bishops in Venice were disturbed over selling “their” bank. Cardinal Albino Luciani was sent to investigate, and interviewed Cardinal Giovanni Benelli, who confirmed Calvi as the majority shareholder in the Banca Cattolica del Veneto, by paying 27 billion lire (approximately $45 million) to Marcinkus.

Benelli presented more details, including on a company called Pacchetti which had been purchased by Calvi from Sindona.
In 1972, Pacchetti was traded at about 250 lire per share. Sindona instructed the Banca Unione to buy Pacchetti shares. By using nominees, the shares were then illegally parked in Sindona-owned companies. The price of the shares began to surge, eventually reaching 1,600 lire. Then all the “parking companies” dumped their Pacchetti shares into the Zitropo of Calvi, to inflate the value of Zitropo. Calvi paid much more than the company was worth. Sindona, having funded the entire operation with fictitious guarantees, made a huge illegal profit.
Benelli believed that the Vatican bank was an accomplice to tax evasion, illegal movement of shares and that in the 1972 scheme Calvi paid a separate 31 billion lire on Credito Varesino.
In 1978, a Government-appointed liquidator, Giorgio Ambrosoli, discovered that Sindona had paid an illegal kickback to Calvi of 6.5 million dollars for this deal, who shared this fifty-fifty with Bishop Marcinkus.

In 1973, the US Justice Department was investigating a scheme in which 950 million dollars worth of fake bonds would be used to acquire Bastogi, a giant Italian company with interests in property, mining and chemicals. This involved Sindona and the Vatican bank (Marcinkus).
In 1973, Marcinkus confirmed his friendship with Sindona.
In May 1973, Benelli visited Luciani, to inform him about the American investigation on Marcinkus’ participation in counterfeit securities and the American Mafia.

Archbishop Paul Marcinkus was never tried for his participation in these criminal activities. He finally left the Vatican in March 1990 and settled in Phoenix, Arizona. He died there in February 2006.
According to a member of the Mafia, Marcinkus had been present at a meeting when the decision was made to “suicide” Roberto Calvi in June 1982.


MONEY LAUNDERING & BRIBES
Sindona mastered the technique of acquiring troubled companies, dividing them up, selling off pieces, merging other pieces, shuffling everything and making a profit.
Società Generale Immobiliare was worth 350 lire per share. The Vatican held some 25% of the 143 million shares. In the spring of 1969, Cardinal Guerri asked Sindona if he’d like to buy. Sindona took the lot – at double the market price. Sindona and Guerri also agreed on the sale of the controlling share of the Vatican in Condotte d’Acqua (Rome’s Water Company) and Ceramica Pozzi.
Sindona’s initial payment of 5 million dollars was made with money illegally converted from the deposits of BPF. In the last week of May 1969, Sindona transferred the sum to a small Zürich bank, Privat Kredit Bank, which sent the money back to BPF, from there it was transferred to another Sindona-controlled company, Mabusi Italiana, which paid the Vatican. Further money came from Hambros of London and the American Gulf and Western.

Exports would be invoiced at costs that were much lower than the real ones. The bent invoice would officially be paid via the Bank of Italy, which passed the (low) figure to the Taxation Department. The exporter would be taxed on this low figure.
The balance was paid by the receiver of the goods abroad directly to Finabank. In many instances Sindona-owned exporting companies showed a loss. Sindona bribed politicians to continue.
A similar crime was done on imports. Then the invoice was for a higher figure than the actual cost of the goods. When the goods passed through customs, payment of the artificially high figure would be made by the company to the foreign supplier. The foreign supplier in turn would assign the balance to a numbered account at Finabank or one of the other Swiss banks.

Money was diverted to Gelli and Ortolani through the Panamanian company Bellatrix, controlled by Marcinkus and owned by the Vatican. Bellatrix had been created by P2 members Gelli, Ortolani and Bruno Tassan Din (the latter director and financial strategist to the giant Rizzoli publishing group).
The capital of Bellatrix was only ten thousand dollars. They milked Ambrosiano for 184 million dollars.

Over the years, international banks were queuing up to lend Calvi millions upon millions of dollars. The majority of the loans were extended to shell Panamanian and Liechtenstein companies and transferred to Peru. These small shell companies, eventually 17, many with a nominal capital of only 10,000 dollars, “loaned” massive amounts. The majority was owned by a Luxembourg company named Manic SA, which was owned by the Vatican Bank. The loans were never repaid.
That over 450 million dollars was loaned to a mere holding company, Banco Ambrosiano Holdings, based in Luxembourg, shows how corrupted the international banks really are.

P2 member José Lopez Rega also set up a large cocaine-smuggling pipeline between Argentina and the USA.
Dirty money from the Mafia in Mexico, Canada and the USA was also cleaned through the P2 network. The operation was very simple. To quote Carlo Bordoni:
These companies in Canada and Mexico were used to bring into the USA over the Canadian and Mexican borders dollars from the Mafia, from the Freemasons and from numerous illegal and criminal operations; the money arrived in suitcases and was then invested in US State Bonds. These were then sent to Finabank. Clean and easily negotiable.


SINDONA CRASHES
When you transfer large amounts of capital to third parties, a hole begins to appear. It fills up with the declaration of false and nonexistent profits. The cash meanwhile continues to pour to third parties.
In July 1974, the holes were showing in Italy and the USA. In an attempt to fill the Italian hole, Sandoni merged Banca Unione and BPF into Banca Privata. The 2 large holes, have become one gigantic hole - 200 billion lire.
At this time his empire was crashing rapidly. Banks were collapsing in Italy, Switzerland, Germany and the USA. Sindona was wanted by the Italian authorities and was fighting his extradition from the USA.
According to the Italian press, the Vatican had lost more than 100 million dollars. The Vatican admitted that it had sustained some loss.

On 3 October 1974, Licio Gelli warns Michele Sindona that he will be arrested the next day. Sindona flies to Geneva, and then to New York City.
On 8 October 1974, the Franklin Bank collapses. Losses to the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation – 2 billion dollars. At the time the biggest bank crash in American history. The collapse was followed by a number of arrests.
From October 1974 to January 1975, banks connected to Sindona keep crashing – Bankhaus Wolff A.G. of Hamburg, Bankhaus I.K. Herstatt of Cologne, Amincor Bank of Zürich, and Finabank. Swiss sources estimate that the Vatican lost 240 million dollars in Finabank alone.

For over 3 years Sindona fights the Italian Government’s attempts to have him extradited. They wanted him to face charges in Milan involving fraudulent diversion of 225 million dollars.
In June 1975, the Italian authorities sentenced Sindona in absentiato to 3 ½ years in prison, being found guilty on 23 counts of misappropriating 10 million pounds.
At the same time, assistant United States attorney John Kenney, was investigating the illegal dealings of Sandoni. This included the Vatican Bank, which was involved in laundering Mafia money.
Sindona meanwhile was living in his luxurious apartment in New York. He used the Richard Nixon/John Mitchell law firm to help him fight extradition.

In September 1976, the Italian authorities finally arrested Sindona in New York. He was subsequently released on a 3 million dollars bail. Sindona remained a free man.
On 9 March 1979, the Justice Department indicted Sindona and charged him with 99 counts of fraud, perjury and misappropriation of bank funds. The charges stemmed from the collapse of the Franklin National Bank.
On 27 March 1980, Michele Sindona was found guilty on 65 counts, including fraud, conspiracy, perjury, false bank statements, and misappropriation of bank funds. On 13 June 1980, Sindona was sentenced to 25 years in prison and a fine of over 200,000 dollars.
Carlo Bordoni had been the main prosecution witness against Sindona, and got 7 years and a 20,000 dollar fine.
Sindona was subsequently found guilty of arranging his own false kidnap to jump bail, and sentenced to another 2 ½ years.

In 1985, a Milan court found Sindona guilty of fraudulent bankruptcy and sentenced him to 15 years.
On 18 March 1986, another Milan court found Michele Sindona guilty of ordering the murder of Giorgio Ambrosoli and he was sentenced to life imprisonment. He was due to be returned to the USA to first serve the 25-year prison sentence. With a life sentence, Sindona was expected to turn informer...
On 20 March, after drinking his breakfast coffee, Sindona screamed, “They have poisoned me!”. On March 22, he was dead.


CALVI – THE KNIGHT
In 1963, Roberto Calvi formed the Luxembourg company Compendium – the name was later changed to Banco Ambrosiano Holdings SA. This shell company was the key to Calvi’s schemes.
Huge amounts were transferred to Calvi’s secret 4 Swiss accounts (at the Union de Banques Suisses and Credit Bank of Zürich) which he held jointly with his wife.
When Sindona crashed, business also became more difficult for his close associate Calvi. To continue, he set up the company Suprafin SA in Milan. From 1975 to 1978, Suprafin displayed massive faith in Calvi’s Banco Ambrosiano – 50 million dollars’ worth.
By September 1978, Calvi had already stolen over 400 million dollars.

While Sandoni was in the USA, Calvi had fled to Buenos Aires, where he regularly discussed the current problems with Gelli and his right hand man, Umberto Ortolani.
Ambrosiano shares plummeted further, forcing Calvi to divert even more money to prop up the price. Gelli dropped several million dollars in the pockets of Nicaragua’s dictator Anastasio Somoza, who announced that it was an excellent idea for Calvi to open a branch in his country. In September 1977, Calvi opened an Ambrosiano branch in Managua. Its function was to move money from the Nassau branch (where Marcinkus was director).
By now there were also Calvi companies in Canada, Belgium and the USA; another was planned for Peru.

Calvi was also laundering money for P2, with the assistance of the Vatican Bank. The money moved from Banco Ambrosiano into a Vatican account in Italy, then to Banco Gottardo or UBS, Switzerland. Fifty-five million dollars, for example, were diverted by Calvi from Peru to one of Gelli’s numbered account at UBS Zürich. Another 30 million dollars were transferred to Swiss accounts of P2 member Flavio Carboni (who recorded conversations with Calvi from October 1981 to May 1982).

Money stolen by Calvi was used by the Argentine military junta to purchase Exocet missiles from the French for the Falkland wars; Calvi’s bank in Peru assisted in that deal.
Millions went secretly and illegally to aid Solidarity in Poland. The total amount that was funnelled on behalf of the Vatican to Solidarity was over one hundred million dollars.

On 9 June 1982, David Yallop (the writer of this book) called Roberto Calvi for an interview. When Yallop explained that he was writing a book on Albino Luciani and the Banca Cattolica del Veneto, Calvi reacted paranoid:
Who has sent you against me? Who has told you to do this thing? Always I pay. Always I pay. How do you know Gelli? What do you want? How much do you want?
Gelli suggested that Calvi would travel to London, where he was found hanging under Blackfriars Bridge in the City of London on 17 June 1982. This was quickly ruled a “suicide”.
According to the following, Calvi’s body was found with his hands tied behind his back: http://www.deepblacklies.co.uk/operation_gladio.htm

Hours before Calvi died, his secretary in Milan, Graziella Corrocher, had already been “suicided” from a fourth floor window at the Banco Ambrosiano headquarters in Milan.
Within days a hole of 1.3 billion dollar was discovered in Banco Ambrosiano Milan.
On 2 October 1982, Giuseppe Dellacha, an executive at the Banco Ambrosiano, was also “suicided” from a window in the Milan headquarters.


CARDINAL CODY
Before John Patrick Cody arrived in Chicago he had left the diocese of Kansas City, St Joseph, with 30 million dollars in debt; earlier he had done the same in New Orleans.
The entire revenue of the Catholic Church in Chicago was 250 to 300 million dollars annually. Cody diverted hundreds of thousands of dollars via Continental Illinois to Marcinkus in the Vatican Bank. Marcinkus would then divert money to cardinals in Poland.
When Cody was on one of his one hundred trips to Rome, he distributed expensive presents. When “new” Pope John Paul II visited the USA in October 1979, Cody presented him with a small wooden box with 50,000 dollars inside.

There is evidence that Cody had an affair with Helen Wilson. In January 1981, the Federal Grand Jury served a number of subpoenas on Cody, demanding to see his financial records. On 10 September 1981, Cardinal Cody got into serious trouble, because of an article in the Chicago Sun-Times: “Federal grand jury probes use of church funds: Investigation centers on gifts to a friend”.
Cody had apparently been illegally diverting as much as $1 million in church funds to Helen Dolan Wilson, a divorced mother of two. Cody helped Wilson get a job at the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of St. Louis, provided money for her luxury vacation home in Boca Raton, and had bought an expensive apartment for her in St. Louis. Cody had also steered insurance contracts to her son, David Dolan Wilson, and Wilson was the beneficiary of a $100,000 insurance policy on Cody’s life.
On 25 April 1982, Cody died, which stopped the investigation: http://niemanreports.org/articles/in-th ... inal-cody/


THE MURDER OF POPE LUCIANI
On 6 August 1978, Pope Paul VI died (was this of natural causes?).
He was succeeded by the relatively unknown Albino Luciani, who called himself Pope John Paul I. On 27 August 1978, Luciani had dinner with his new Secretary of State Cardinal Jean Villot and instructed him to immediately start an investigation into the entire financial operation of the Vatican.

In early September, P2 member Mino Pecorelli published a list of 121 people members of Masonic Lodges inside the Vatican. Pecorelli’s motive for publishing the list was a struggle with his (former) Grand Master, Licio Gelli.
Pecorelli arranged for Luciani to get a copy of this list, according to Canon Law all Masons in the Vatican should be excommunicated. Here’s the list: http://www.libertyforlife.com/nwo/illum ... asons.html

Cardinal Giovanni Benelli informed the Pope about the Bank of Italy investigation into Banco Ambrosiano. It would be followed by criminal charges against Roberto Calvi and his fellow directors. The Vatican Bank was implicated in a large amount of illegal deals. Criminals inside the Vatican Bank were Paul Marcinkus, Luigi Mennelli and Pellegrino De Strobel.
On 28 September, Villot was informed by the Pope that to be replaced at once were: Marcinkus, Cardinal Sebastiano Baggio, Mennini, De Strobel and Monsignor De Bonis. This would make exposure of the entire fraud inevitable.
Every one of the clerical personnel whom Luciani was moving out, was on the list of Masons of Pecorelli. Villot was also on that list; Luciani told him that he would be replaced by Benelli…
Luciani also explained that all links with the Banco Ambrosiano Group have to be severed.
Pope John Paul I had also decided that Cardinal John Cody was to be replaced…

Gelli reassured Roberto Calvi that the “problem” of the new Pope would be solved.
In the late evening of 28 September, early morning of 29 September 1978, thirty-three days after his election, Albino Luciani died…
At 4:30 AM, on the morning of 29 September, Sister Vincenza carried a flask of coffee to the study as usual, and called out, “Good morning, Holy Father”. For once there was no reply. Vincenza left, but when she returned 15 minutes later, the coffee was still untouched.
After knocking on his bedroom door, she opened it to find the Pope sitting in his bed with some papers in his hands. Vincenza, a skilled nurse, checked his pulse to confirm Luciani was dead.
Vincenza first woke up Monsignor Macchi to tell him the news. Next to see the corpse of Luciani were Father Diego Lorenzi and Father John Magee. Magee’s telephoned Cardinal Villot.

When Villot arrived on the murder scene, he took the medicine that Luciani had been taking for low blood pressure and removed the notes on the Papal transfers and appointments from the dead Pope’s hands. From his study desk his last Will was removed.
Villot then told the shocked members of the Pope’s household a fictitious account on how Luciani’s body had been found.
If Luciani had lived, then Villot’s removal from the Secretariat of State would also have meant his removal from the APSA. This organisation has probably more investments than Marcinkus’ Vatican Bank…
Dr Buzzonetti did a brief examination of the body and concluded a heart attack. The doctor put the time of death at about 11.00 PM the previous evening. According to skilled doctors, it would have been impossible to determine the cause and time of death after such a brief external examination.
Villot ordered that the body of Albino Luciani would be immediately embalmed (to destroy evidence).
Finally at 7:27 AM, Cardinal Villot told that the Pope was found dead earlier in the morning, at about 5:30 by the private Secretary of the Pope.

It’s clear that Villot had a motive for killing the Pope and he destroyed evidence.
It has later been confirmed that Sister Vincenza was the one who had found the Pope.
The Vatican released stories that the Pope had suffered from a bad health. His own Doctor for the last 20 years, Antonio Da Ros, said this was a blatant lie.
People in the Vatican realised that on 5 September, the Russian Orthodox Archbishop of Leningrad, Nikodim had died suddenly, after possibly drinking a cup of coffee intended for Albino Luciani.


WOJTYLA - THE NEW POPE
Then the Polish Karol Wojtyla was elected as new Pope, with the “original” name John Paul II. Wojtyla continued the corrupt policies of Pope Paul VI.
Villot was again appointed Secretary of State, Cody remained in control of Chicago for the time being, Marcinkus, aided by Mennini, De Strobel and De Bonis, controlled the Vatican Bank, Baggio stayed on his post in the Vatican, and the corrupt Poletti remained Cardinal Vicar of Rome.
In 1977, Cardinal Benelli had to leave the Vatican.

Calvi, Gelli and Ortolani continued their massive thefts and frauds under the protection of the Vatican Bank.
José Mateos, known as Spain’s richest man, funnelled millions to Opus Dei. A considerable amount of this money came from illegal deals in Spain and Argentina with Calvi.
On 25 February 1987, Milan magistrates issued warrants for the arrest of Marcinkus and his Vatican Bank colleagues Mennini and de Strobel. All remained protected by Pope John Paul II in the Vatican,.
The following picture shows Marcinkus in front of Pope John Paul II.
Image


DEAD MEN TELL NO TALES
In July 1976 Italian magistrate Vittorio Occorsio was in the middle of an investigation into the links between the neo-Fascist National Vanguard and P2. On 10 July, he was murdered by machine-gun fire.
Firestarter wrote:In 1967, Italian Judge Emilio Alessandrini wrote that the Bilderberg Group is one of the biggest promoters of the “strategy of tension”, and behind massacres in Italy. Alessandrini was killed in 1979.
Gelli contacted left-wing terrorist group Prima Linea, based in Milan, about Alessandrini as a possible victim. On the morning of 29 January, Alessandrini stopped at a traffic light. Five men fired bullets into his body. Prima Linea claimed responsibility for the murder.

On 9 March 1979, Cardinal Jean Villot blew out his last breath.
On 20 March 1979, Gelli telephoned Pecorelli at his Rome office, and suggested a peace talk over dinner the following day. After Mino Pecorelli left his office in via Orazio at 9:15 PM, he was killed with 2 bullets fired from within his mouth, a Sicilian Mafia gesture of “sasso in bocca”, he will talk no more.

The liquidator, Giorgio Ambrosoli had already collected evidence on 77 people, included men in the Vatican, like Massimo Spada and Luigi Mennini. He had evidence that the Vatican Bank was complicit in Sindona’s crimes.
By March 1979, Ambrosoli had computed that Banca Privata alone had lost 257 billion lire as a result of the schemes of Sindona.
On 11 July, Ambrosoli completed his deposition. He would return the following day and sign the record of his testimony and available for further questioning that week. Later that day William Arico, his son Charles Arico and Rocky Messina fired at least 4 bullets from a P38 into the lawyer’s chest. He died.
By 6 AM Arico was in Switzerland, one hundred thousand dollars had been transferred from a Sindona account at Calvi’s Banca del Gottardo into an account of Arico at Crédit Suisse, Geneva.
On 18 and 19 March 1983, Sindona’s son Nino Sindona was tape recorded by the writer Luigi di Fonzoon. Nino said that “Billy Arico” was sent to Milan by Venetucci (a heroin smuggler and alleged member of the Gambino family) at the request of his father, and Arico murdered Ambrosoli.

Boris Giuliano had discovered cheques and other documents which indicated that Sindona had been recycling the proceeds from heroin sales through the Vatican Bank to his Amincor Bank in Switzerland. He agreed on another meeting with Ambrosoli to compare notes.
On 21 July 1979 at 8:05 AM, Boris Giuliano went into the Lux Bar in Palermo for a coffee. A man fired 6 shots into Giuliano. Nobody had seen or heard anything. Giuliano’s position as deputy superintendent of the Palermo police and head of the city’s CID was taken by Giuseppe Impallomeni, a member of P2.

On 13 July 1979 at 8.30 AM, Lt-Colonel Antonio Varisco was being driven in a white BMW in Rome. A white Fiat 128 pulled alongside, 4 shots were fired and the Lt-Colonel and chauffeur were dead. One hour later the Red Brigades claimed responsibility.

On 19 February 1984, 2 days before an extradition hearing, William Arico fell to his death while trying to escape from the Metropolitan Correctional Center in lower Manhattan.


GELLI - PUPPET MASTER
Licio Gelli (the Puppet Master, Il Burattinaio) had a wide range of contacts across the political spectrum from Andreotti and Fanfani in Italy to President Nixon and David Kennedy in the White House. They included intimate banking relationships with the Vatican Bank, Hambros, Continental and Rothschild in Paris.
P2 interlocks with the CIA and reaches into the heart of the Vatican.
He was in touch with the rulers of Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay, Venezuela, and Nicaragua. Gelli organised the triumphant return to power of General Juan Peron. By September 1973, Peron had become President of Argentina. Peron showed his gratitude by kneeling at the feet of Licio Gelli, witnessed by, among others, Italian Prime Minister Andreotti.
See: Juan Peron and Licio Gelli.
Image

In 1972, Sindona in a meeting with Maurice Stans, Nixon’s chief fund raiser, offered one million dollars in cash for his Campaign Fund.
Licio Gelli, attended the inaugural ceremonies of presidents Gerald Ford, Jimmy Carter, and Ronald Reagan. Gelli called himself a friend of George H.W. Bush.
Sindona had introduced Gelli to Philip Guarino, who became Reagan’s campaign leader in 1980. On 8 April 1980, Gelli wrote from Italy to Phillip Guarino of the Republican Party National Committee:
If you think it might be useful for something favourable to your Presidential candidate to be published in Italy, send me some material and I’ll get it published in one of the papers here.
According to the state media, P2 was dissolved. According to Yallop, in 1984, P2 was still active in Italy, Argentina, Venezuela, Paraguay, Bolivia, France, Portugal, Nicaragua, Switzerland and the USA.
Firestarter wrote:In March 1981, police found a list of alleged members of P2 in Gelli's house in Arezzo. It contained 962 names, that included important state officials, politicians and a number of military officers, the heads of the 3 Italian secret services (SISDE, SISMI and CESIS), Victor Emmanuel (the son of the last Italian king), a top manager of the Banco di Roma (then Italy's third largest bank), a director-general of the Banca Nazionale del Lavoro (Italy’s largest bank), and future Italian Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi.
Here’s the list of P2 members: http://www.archivio900.it/it/documenti/doc.aspx?id=42

When Gelli noticed that his Swiss bank account was blocked, he flew to Madrid and then to Geneva on a false Argentinean passport. Shortly after he arrived in September 1982 at the bank, he was arrested.
On 10 August 1983, Gelli escaped from the Champ Dollon prison. He returned to Uruguay, a few miles north of Montevideo.
On 16 April 1992, a Milan court found 33 men guilty of criminal fraudulent conspiracy relating to the collapse of Banco Ambrosiano. Among those to be sentenced were Umberto Ortolani (to 19 years) and Licio Gelli (18 ½ years). All 33 were granted bail.
In April 1998, Gelli’s sentence was reduced in appeal to 12 years, but Gelli “negotiated” to let him serve his sentence in his villa, and he had to surrender his passport. Gelli merely took another passport out of his safe. He was subsequently arrested on the French Riviera. Three days later the police searched his villa in Tuscany and discovered 150 gold bars hidden in the flowerpots on the patio (minimum value at the time £1.5 million).
The following May, after serving only a few months in prison, he was released on “health grounds”.

In 1996, Gelli was nominated as a candidate for the Nobel Prize in Literature, supported by Mother Theresa.
In 2003 Gelli told La Repubblica that it seemed that the P2 "democratic rebirth plan" was being implemented by (P2 member) Silvio Berlusconi.
Former Prime Minister Giulio Andreotti, who was maybe even higher in the (Masonic) hierarchy than Gelli, was sentenced to 24 years in prison. Because of his age, 83, he would not serve the sentence. After a series of appeals, Andreotti was cleared of having connections with the Mafia and in October 2003 he was cleared of complicity in the murder of Pecorelli.
See Gelli and PM Andreotti.
Image
Last edited by Firestarter on Sat Apr 14, 2018 4:06 pm, edited 1 time in total.
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Shadow government, NSC, FEMA

Post by Firestarter » Wed Mar 07, 2018 5:22 pm

What if a “shadow government” that, behind the scenes, decides which politicians are elected and increases control by staging false flags, was already installed a long time ago?
What if this “shadow government” has complete authority over the press? How could anybody know?
A strong case could be made that the US “shadow government” is the National Security Council (NSC) that established the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) to carry out the operation.

On 27 April 1961, President John F. Kennedy held a speech in which he addressed the Press, in which he explains the dangers of “secret societies” and censorship (5:23).
https://youtu.be/y8HTr-F-FVM

The NSC has more power than the President or Congress of the US: it has the power to suspend laws (including the US Constitution), move entire populations, arrest and detain citizens without warrant or trial, seize property, food supplies, and transportation systems.
FEMA was conceived in the Richard Nixon Administration, refined by President Jimmy Carter and given teeth in the Ronald Reagan and George Bush Administrations.
Under emergency plans the power exists to suspend the US Constitution and turn over the reigns of government to FEMA and appoint military commanders to run state and local governments. FEMA’s powers have been established through a number of Presidential Executive Orders.

These powers have increased considerably with successive Crime Bills, (particularly in 1991 and 1993), including the possibility to seize property of criminals, and participants in demonstrations.

EO #12656 - gave the NSC the power to suspend the US Constitution, install martial law and bring FEMA into action.
EO #10997 – gives government the right to take over all electrical power, gas, petroleum, fuels and minerals.
EO #10998 – gives government the right to take over all food resources and farms.
EO #11001 – gives government the right to take over all health, education and welfare functions.

FEMA twice almost took control of the US: in 1984 under President Reagan, and in 1990 and 1992 under President Bush Sr. FEMA was also brought into action in the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake in the San Francisco Bay Area.
In April 1984, President Reagan signed Presidential Director Number 54 that involved a secret national "readiness exercise", code name REX 84, to suspend the US Constitution, declare martial law, place military commanders in charge of state and local governments, and detain large numbers of American citizens for the case the NSC declares a "State of National Security".

In 1990, FEMA was on standby when Desert Storm was enacted. Prior to the (first) invasion of Iraq, new legislation was drafted to increase the powers of the NSC and FEMA.
In 1992, during the Los Angeles Rodney King riots, FEMA was ready to take control if the protests had spread to other cities.

The first targets in a FEMA “emergency” are Hispanics and Blacks, the FEMA orders call for them to be rounded up and detained.
Operation Trojan Horse was designed to identify potential opponents to martial law. The program lures potential protesters to forums. The protesters are registered so they can be targeted in case of an “emergency”.
“Dangerous” people include tax protesters, demonstrators against military interventions and people who possess weapons.

FEMA has spent only about 6% of its budget on national emergencies (12 times more on "black operations" than on disaster relief). Most of their funding has been used for the construction of secret bunkers throughout the US for a major foreign or domestic “emergency”.
FEMA has spent $1.3 billion; fewer than 20 members of Congress know what FEMA has spent it on: http://usa-the-republic.com/emergency%2 ... /fema.html
(archived here: http://archive.is/PR68O)

Plans like these were already implemented long before FEMA was installed.
On 14 January 1942, President Roosevelt issued Presidential Proclamation No. 2537, under which immigrants from “enemy” countries like Italy, Germany and Japan, had to register with the US Department of Justice.
Over fears that Japanese Americans on the west coast would start telling the truth on the staged Pearl Harbor attacks and would protest against the brutal bombing of Japanese cities, more than 110,000 were detained in internment camps.

REX 84 was written by Lt. Col. Oliver North, who was both NSC liaison to the White House and to FEMA, and John Brinkerhoff, deputy director of "national preparedness" programs for FEMA.
Similar exercises as REX84 are Garden Plot (drafted after the Watts, Newark, and Detroit riots) and Lantern Spike.
In the Hurricane Katrina disaster, parts of FEMA’s job description - humanitarian efforts - were coordinated by the Department of Homeland Security. In this calamity FEMA exercised its unconstitutional powers by rounding up “refugees” and “relocating” them in various camps: http://www.americaismyname.org/rex84.html


The martial law portions of the “emergency” plan were outlined in a 30 June 1982 memo by Guiffrida’s deputy for national preparedness programs, John Brinkerhoff. This memo resembles a 1970 paper by the 1987 head of FEMA, Louis O. Giuffrida, in which he advocated detaining 21 million “American Negroes” to “assembly centers or relocation camps” in case of an emergency.
Some of Bush`s closest friends and advisers, including former national security adviser William Clark, the late CIA Director William Casey and Atty. Gen. Edwin Meese, were part of the informal secret structure that established these plans.

To keep the whole thing flexible the plan didn’t even define what a “national crisis” is.
On 2 August 1984, Attorney General William French Smith sent a letter to National Security Adviser Robert McFarlane, North`s NSC boss, over concerns over the plans to suspend the US Constitution and install martial law: http://articles.chicagotribune.com/1987 ... ent-secret
(archived here: http://archive.is/lLpCk)

In the 1987 Iran-Contra hearings, Congressman Jack Brooks asked a question to Oliver North about “a contingency plan in the event of emergency, that would suspend the American constitution” (didn’t he know that these hearings were a cover-up?).
The Democratic Chair of the joint Senate-House Committee, Senator Daniel Inouye, replied that he shouldn’t “touch upon that”, because “that question touches upon a highly sensitive and classified area”.
See 3:33-4:41 in the following video.
https://youtu.be/u8pqDE11lOk

In March 2002, The Washington Post described that President Bush had installed a secret shadow government of about “100 senior civilian managers”, to “ensure survival of federal rule after catastrophic attack on the nation’s capital”.
The civilian cadre draws from every Cabinet department and some independent agencies.

Deployed civilians are not permitted to tell anyone but instead explain their absence by “a business trip".

The classified scenario, called the "Continuity of Operations Plan", was first deployed "on the fly" in the first hours of 9/11: http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/co ... 00891.html
(archived here: http://archive.is/4WUZl)


In May 2007, Bush signed executive orders NSDP51 and HSDP20 to increase the powers of the NSC and FEMA even further.
In the 1990s, the military checked all the major food store chains around the country. Probably Wal-Mart will become the food distributor for the US in case of an “emergency”.
Somewhere are documents detailing the plans that for now remain secret. At the very least, it will entail securing all the food: http://www.rense.com/general81/shadowgovt.htm

Representative Peter DeFazio finds it necessary that Congress is allowed to read the secret plans.
According to DeFazio we should “trust” Congress...
https://youtu.be/QdfjsS9Wqk8

I don’t know how reliable the following story is...
There are more than 600 empty prison camps spread throughout the US that can be used to lock up millions of Americans by FEMA under martial law: http://archive.is/tgesY


This makes it all the more interesting that Kurt Sonnenfeld has exposed that the FEMA command centre and several other federal agencies had already been moved into Pier 92, New York on 10 September 2001 (so before the 9/11 attacks): https://www.lawfulpath.com/forum/viewto ... 1126#p3944


“Covert operations” (false flag attacks) have been part of the policy of the US government since at least 15 March 1954, with the approval of NSC 5412.
NSC 5412 described covert operations as:
Specifically, such operations shall include any covert activities related to:
propaganda, political action; economic warfare; preventive direct action, including sabotage, anti-sabotage, demolition; escape and evasion and evacuation measures;
subversion against hostile states or groups including assistance to underground resistance movements, guerrillas and refugee liberation groups;
support of indigenous and anti-communist elements in threatened countries of the free world; deceptive plans and operations;
and all activities compatible with this directive necessary to accomplish the foregoing.

In 1970 NSC 5412 was replaced by NSC 40 under which covert activities continued to take place.
The “secret” group that coordinated the false flag attacks has been known by a variety of names: in 1954 it was named Special Group; 1964 - 303 Committee; 1970 - 40 Committee; 1976 - Operations Advisory Group; 1977 - NSC Special Coordination Committee; the Reagan administration called it National Security Planning Group; 2002/2003 - Office of Special Plans.

In 1970, the 40 Committee played a major role in preventing Salvador Allende from taking office in Chile, when Rockefeller agent Henry Kissinger chaired it.
In 1976, the 40 Committee consisted of the President's Assistant for National Security Affairs, the Secretaries of State and Defense, the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and the Director of Central Intelligence.
Under Reagan, the National Security Planning Group included the Vice-President, the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of State, the Assistant for National Security Affairs, and the Director of the CIA.

The Office of Special Plans that was installed by the Bush administration coordinates the Global war “on” terror and customary cooperation with NSA, Mossad and other intelligence agencies across the globe: https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oversig ... cial_Group
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US/Iran hostage deal 1980

Post by Firestarter » Tue Apr 24, 2018 5:23 pm

I’ve found 2 “shocking” stories in the 1980s that involve (Knight of Malta?) George H.W. Bush.
It’s impossible to know for sure if they are true, and according to the “reputable” state media these stories are completely false “conspiracy theories”...
In this post the first of these 2.


Former CIA agent Richard Brenneke, on Italian TV, confirmed that the P2 lodge was involved in a deal that involved weapons for Iran if they would keep the American hostage drama going until after the presidential election (in which Jimmy Carter lost to Ronald Reagan, with Bush Sr. as his running mate).

Brenneke said that P2 Grand Master Licio Gelli was present at the October 1980 meeting in Paris where US and Iranian representatives discussed the deal. He claimed that George H.W. Bush, then US vice president, took part in a separate October 1980 meeting with CIA Director William Casey (Reagan's campaign manager).

Excerpts from the interview with Richard Brenneke:
The P-2 was involved in the operation for which I ended up in court, that is the delay in the liberation of the American hostages in Iran in 1980. Members of P-2 participated in the operation and even attended meetings in Paris and other European cities. The same people were involved in the arms smuggling into Iran which took place after these meetings while there was still an embargo against Iran. The P-2 collaborated with agencies of the American government in sending weapons to Iran after the meeting of 1980.
(…)

"October surprise." The aim of the meeting was to organize the freedom of the hostages after, not before, the elections. The meeting was important because there were Mr. Casey, who later became the head of the CIA, at that time manager of the Reagan-Bush electoral campaign and Donald Gregg, who became ambassador to South Korea and at that time worked for the CIA and the National Security Council. At the meeting I attended Bush was not there, but Bush was...

The present President Bush was at that time a vice presidential candidate. From the information I had, I know that Bush was in Paris in the same days for meetings dealing with the freedom of the hostages and the payment of a ransom for their freedom. Gelli took part in these meetings. I do not know if he attended the same meetings with Bush but he definitely attended the same meetings I attended.

My accusations are very serious and I would not do it without evidence.... Some of these documents were given to the court on the occasion of the trial against me. They are still in the trial record. Some documents I gave to members of the inquiry commission of the U.S. Congress…

Brenneke also told that the campaign of George H.W. Bush was (indirectly) financed from Libya, through royalties paid by Qaddafi into Texas oil companies that supported Bush.
Ibrahim Razin (later more on Razin) confirmed that an agreement was reached between Bush and Iran that involved arms and the delayed release of the American hostages in Iran: http://ncoic.com/p2masons.htm
(archived here: http://archive.is/o6nbe)


In the spring of 1990, federal prosecutors charged arms dealer Richard Brenneke, because he claimed to have first-hand knowledge of the Paris meetings.
Brenneke was acquitted because not a single juror was persuaded that Brenneke was lying.

In 1986, Iran's ex-president Abol Hassan Bani-Sadr also told about a meeting between Republicans and Iranians in Paris in October 1980. Senior Reagan-Bush campaign advisers - Richard Allen, Laurence Silberman and Robert McFarlane - acknowledged that they had held a private meeting at Washington's L'Enfant Plaza Hotel in September or October 1980 with an unnamed Iranian emissary.

Gary Sick (former staff member of the NSC), who had worked for the Carter administration, also claimed that a deal was made between the Republicans and Iran for a delayed release of the hostages.

Ari Ben-Menashe was an Iranian-born Israeli who worked for the Israeli military intelligence from 1977-87. In the spring of 1986, he came with accurate stories about the arms-for-hostage deals with Iran.
Ben-Menashe asserted that in October 1980, Bush Sr. went into a meeting at a Paris hotel with Casey and Mehdi Karrubi.

The brothers Jamshid and Cyrus Hashemi served as intermediaries between the Carter administration and the Iranian government (to get the hostages released before the elections).
Jamshid Hashemi claims that he and Cyrus helped arrange hostage meetings in late July and early August 1980 between Casey and cleric Mehdi Karrubi.

In an intercepted call shortly after the November election, John Shaheen (who knew Casey since they served in the OIS during WW II) tells Hashemi that he should begin "a direct one-to-one relationship" with Casey.
Before Shaheen's death in 1985, he told FBI investigators that he had introduced Hashemi to Casey (before he became CIA director).

The Senate “investigators” found out that Casey was in London, Monday afternoon 28 July.
They couldn’t find where Casey was on 26, 27 July 1980: https://www.washingtonpost.com/archive/ ... 107120dad3
(archived here: http://archive.is/W4ZF8)


Brenneke said the meetings took place 19, 20 October at the Crillon Hotel and at the Hotel Florida in Paris. He said Bush was in Paris less than 24 hours and Casey went on to Frankfurt after the meetings.

Heinrich Rupp flew a group of VIPs from Washington to Paris on 18 October 1980.
He said that possibly George H.W. Bush and William Casey were among the passengers.

Mansur Rafizadeh, chief of the Shah of Iran's secret police and covert CIA agent, was involved with the negotiations and confirmed that a deal was made to delay the release of the hostages in return for weapons to Khomeini's Iran.
Rafizadeh said that the deal was made by William Casey, Richard Allen and/or Bush Sr.

25 April 1980 - Desert One rescue attempt, while Oliver North is in Iran, is sabotaged by the CIA/Secret Team in communication with William Casey.
Cynthia Dwyer tells that the CIA caused it to fail (Dwyer gets locked up in Iran).

29 October 1980 (6 days before the 4 November election) - Carter is assured that $240 million in US arms and unfreezing Iranian assets will result in the release of the 52 hostages before the election. (???)

29, 30 October 1980 - Richard V. Allen and George H.W. Bush meet in Paris, France with the Iranian Mohammad Beheshti. Bush and Allen bribe Beheshti's representative to delay the release of the 52 hostages. (???)

20 January 1980, Inauguration Day - The 52 hostages are released.
9 February 1981 – The last American hostage, Dwyer is finally released and returns to the US.

Late February/Early March 1981 - Cyrus Hashemi begins shipments of US arms to Iran, claiming they are "part of an effort necessary to get the hostages released".

21 July 1986 - Cyrus Hashemi dies in London of a “rare form of acute leukemia”.

Barbara Honegger, part of Reagan's campaign team, said that Cyrus Hashemi was murdered by government agents because of his knowledge of the arms-for-hostages deal.
Honegger also confirmed that William Casey knew in advance about the (failed) Desert One rescue mission of April 1980.
Later Honegger was present at a meeting in a “party atmosphere” because “Dick [Allen] cut a deal" to prevent the “October surprise” release of the American hostages.

William Casey, Richard Beal, Cyrus Hashemi, Jalal Al-din Farsi, and Ayatollah Mohammed Baheshti, allegedly involved in the 1980 “October Surprise” deal, all died very suddenly and mysteriously.

In 1988, Los Angeles attorney James H. Davis represented 15 of the 52 hostages to demand compensation because their release had been delayed by the Reagan campaign.

It’s very strange that nobody could find evidence on the whereabouts of George H.W. Bush, Donald Gregg, and William Casey on 19 October 1980 (when some claim they were in Paris): http://www.informationclearinghouse.inf ... le3862.htm
(archived here: http://archive.is/rVC8X)
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Olof Palme murder – Gelli, Bush

Post by Firestarter » Wed Apr 25, 2018 4:22 pm

The second story is even better (or should I say worse?)…
It concerns the murder of Swedish Prime Minister Olof Palme on 28 February 1986.

On 25 February 1986, Licio Gelli sent a telegram to one of George H.W. Bush's close confidants, Philip Guarino:
Tell our friend that the Swedish tree will be felled.
That is according to both Barbara Honegger and CIA agent Ibrahim Razin (a.k.a. Agent Zero). According to Razin it was sent by Ortolani on behalf of Licio Gelli. Razin even claimed that the text of the telegram exists in the archives of the National Security Agency.

See some excerpts from the interview of Ibrahim Razin (by Ennio Remondino) for Italian TV in May 1990:
During summer “1985” (???) I interrogated a very important leader of the American mafia, whose name I cannot mention, who told me that such a telegram was sent from Gelli to Philip Guarino, at that time one of the most outstanding members of the Republican circle around Bush.
(…)
It left with the signature of Licio Gelli and was addressed to Philip Guarino. It was sent from South America, from one of the southernmost regions of Brazil. According to the most reliable information it was sent by a man called Ortolani on behalf of Licio Gelli or in any case on Gelli's instructions.
The telegram said: "Tell our friend that the Swedish tree will be felled".
(...)
I can give you some other collateral details. For example, a week before Palme's death, an agent named Michael Townley was in Stockholm. Townley was involved in the assassination of the Chilean Orlando Letelier, some years ago in Washington. Townley was a political dirty tricks specialist.... It is a definite fact that the weapons traffic had a lot to do [with Palme's death].
http://ncoic.com/p2masons.htm
(archived here: http://archive.is/o6nbe)
(???) 1985 must be an error…

Firestarter wrote:
Sat Jul 29, 2017 2:08 pm
While Sandoni was in the USA, Calvi had fled to Buenos Aires, where he regularly discussed the current problems with Gelli and his right hand man, Umberto Ortolani.

Michael Vernon Townley is an interesting name.
Townley confessed to being involved in the 1976 assassination of Orlando Letelier, a former Chilean Ambassador to the US who was blown up in a car in Washington DC. Townley also testified against 3 Cubans charged in the assassination.
Townley was extradited by the Chilean authorities to the US in 1978, served 62 months in prison for his role in the Letelier assassination.

In 1979, while in prison, Townley reportedly said he was ordered by his Chilean sponsors to kill Olof Palme at a 1976 meeting in Madrid.
In that period, the Swedish Prime Minister was working with Letelier to make an international pariah of the Pinochet regime: https://www.nytimes.com/1986/06/09/worl ... in-us.html


CIA-agent Gene Tatum (in an interview with Peter Ford) said that the secret OSG was behind the assassination of Swedish PM Olof Palme because he wasn’t cooperating with the arms sales to Iran and Nicaragua. OSG had Oliver North in a leading role, with George H.W. Bush in command.

Some excerpts from the interview of Tatum by Peter Ford (unfortunately the translation isn’t very good…):
Ford: Were Bush involved ... in some sort of complications ... it was not a foreign minister or? Who was it who was murdered in Sweden?
Tatum: Olof Palme. Sweden's prime minister...
I was informed that the OSG was behind it and used "assets" [professional killers] in South Africa.
Ford: Well ... and why he was "neutralized"?
Tatum: User certificates for weapons transports around the world were very important in "Iran-Contra". Without the certificate, it was very hard to export weapons without violating international laws and ending up in prison. So they needed these to ship out weapons [to Iran and the Contras].
Oliver North wanted to make use of Sweden’s arms manufacturers Bofors, so asked the Prime Minister. But the Prime Minister didn’t want to get involved and threatened to turn this over to "The International Community" (UN) because it was illegal.
http://www.leopoldreport.com/JohnA.html
(archived here: http://archive.is/nzPS0)


See Olof Palme and Henry Kissinger.
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Rupert Cornwell – Roberto Calvi

Post by Firestarter » Sat Jun 16, 2018 5:00 pm

I’ve found another good book about one of the major players in Propaganda Due (P2), Roberto Calvi, and “his” Banco Ambrosiano (headquartered in Milan).
Rupert Cornwell – God’s banker; The Life and Death of Roberto Calvi (1984): https://updoc.tips/download/free-pdf-eb ... t-cornwell

It’s a lot narrower in scope than the David Yallop book. The greater detail makes the book less shocking, but gives more insight in how Banco Ambrosiano was used in a massive fraud.


Roberto Calvi – Ambrosiano
I expected that Roberto Calvi (1920 - 1982) would be a gambling man, but the book describes an ambitious man that was (a lot) more cautious than I expected. It looks to me like he was more a victim of the situation, who played along, than a “real” criminal.
In 1896, Monsignor Giuseppe Tovini founded Banco Ambrosiano and would become its first chairman. The story about Calvi's arrival at Banco Ambrosiano is that his father ran into a senior manager at Ambrosiano, Carlo Alessandro Canesi, who was looking for promising recruits. Roberto Calvi was swiftly taken on and became Canesi’s protégé in Ambrosiano. At the age of 45, Calvi was promoted to the rank of direttore centrale.

In 1967 or 1968, Michele Sindona took control of Calvi. Already in 1967, the US police suspected Sindona’s involvement in a drugs ring between Italy and the US. The Italian authorities claimed that there was no evidence that Sindona was involved in drugs.
In 1971, Calvi was promoted to direttore generate (general manager) and became chairman in 1975. In 1972, Ambrosiano opened the Cisalpine bank of Nassau. The new bank was capitalized at $2.5 million, and attracted over $200 million of deposits, largely from elsewhere within the Ambrosiano group.

It’s not certain when Calvi began his liaison with Licio Gelli and Umberto Ortolani, masters of Propaganda Due (P2). Some say as early as 1969 in Rome, when a pact was sealed among: Sindona, Calvi, Gelli and Ortolani. Sindona claims that he only introduced Calvi to Gelli some 4 years later. Others say that Calvi was initiated into P2 in August 1975 in either Zurich or Italy for 500,000 lire.
It seems certain that Calvi was under complete control of P2 around 1975. Calvi became a member of the P2 freemasons' lodge at the latest in 1976.


Vatican – IOR – Sindona
The Istituto per le Opere di Religione (IOR, the Vatican bank) had been created by decree of Pius XII in June 1942, so WW II could become extra profitable for the Vatican's financial workings. The IOR can be seen as an "offshore" merchant bank in the heart of Italy. Because the Vatican is a “sovereign state” without exchange controls or border checks with Italy, it’s ideally suited for money laundering.
In 1958, Sindona with the help of a distant relative and the recommendation of Franco Marinotti (chairman of then Italy's largest textile company Snia Viscos), met Massimo Spada, chairman of the IOR.
The Societa Generale Immobiliare, of which the Vatican owned 33%, was not faring well. Sindona bought the interest in SGI from the Vatican at double the market price. As part of the deal, Sindona secured an option to buy the Banca Cattolica del Veneto from the Vatican. In 1972, Sindona sold this “option” at a usurer's price to Roberto Calvi.
Sindona bought 2 more companies from the Vatican: Condotte d'Acqua and Ceramica Pozzi.

In the 1960s, Pope Paul VI enlisted Archbishop Paul Casimir Marcinkus to become his unofficial bodyguard and aide. Sindona claimed to have had a hand in Marcinkus' appointment in 1967 as chairman of the IOR.
The IOR was a founding shareholder of the Cisalpine Overseas bank in Nassau. In 1971, Marcinkus became a director of Cisalpine. This marks the start of IOR's “secret” association with Ambrosiano that lasted (at least) until Marcinkus remained director, 14 June 1982.
Sindona has claimed that he introduced Calvi to Marcinkus.

Chief accountant of the IOR, Pellegrino de Stroebel, found evidence that Manic SA and United Trading Corporation, front companies set up under the IOR wing, and their front companies, owed Ambrosiano's Latin American affiliates over $900 million. The main assets that secured these huge loans were shares in Banco Ambrosiano itself. The IOR didn’t only own its declared 1.6%, but at least a further 10.2%. On paper, it controlled Ambrosiano…
Calvi paid unusually high interest rates on deposits by the IOR.

In the end, the IOR settled the fraud case for its involvement in Ambrosiano for $250 million. The Vatican emphasised that the payment wasn’t an admission of responsibility.
In 1981, Calvi requested and got 2 letters of comfort from the IOR, which he hoped could keep Ambrosiano running. The IOR admitted ownership of the nominee companies in Panama and Luxembourg to which money had been lent.
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Fraud - Sindona
Sindona evaded Italian legislation of the late 1930s, which forbade banks buying non-banking interests, by establishing foreign front companies (preferably in tax havens) to make these investments. Through the technique of trustee accounts, he transferred huge sums out of Italy into foreign shell companies, owned either by himself or his associates. This money would then be used to buy in Italy, or somewhere else.
Sindona effectively inflated the prices in his companies, which reaped "profits" that were used for further speculation. The public even believed that Sindona had the “Midas touch”; and as his reputation grew it became even easier to sell his shares at outrageous prices. Sindona would always retain majority control, usually concealed in an offshore labyrinth. When Sindona fled to the US, many of his assets passed on to Roberto Calvi.

Sindona made $40 million when he sold Pacchetti to Calvi, who got the option to acquire a controlling interest in Banca Cattolica del Veneto from the Vatican. In March 1972, La Centrale (Ambrosiano) announced that it had paid the equivalent of $45 million for 37% cent of the Venice bank. In a few months Sindona had inflated its price from 200 to 1,200 lire per share. In June 1982, these shares were worth just 75 lire.
In 1972, Sindona used the $40 million to get control of Franklin National Bank. In the end, Pacchetti would cost Ambrosiano over $80 million. Here began Calvi’s habit of accumulating treasures in Italy at the price of troubles abroad. Zitropo would later become a millstone for Calvi.
In 1972, Calvi bought a stake in Credito Varesino from the Bonomis, in April he sold it to Giammei, the IOR's stockbrokers in Rome, for 11 billion lire. In October, La Centrale, bought it back for 31 billion lire. Maybe this was a scheme to shift money around his group of companies.

Suprafin was established in Milan in November 1971 by 2 of Calvi's most trusted associates - Vahan Pasargiklian (later managing director of Banca Cattolica del Veneto, and Gennaro Zanfagna. Suprafin was inflated from 2 million lire, to 500 million lire, and finally to 1 billion lire. Suprafin was controlled by the Luxembourg holding company Anli and would mainly deal in Ambrosiano shares. Later Panamanian front companies La Fidele and Finprogram were used. In October 1977, another 4 companies joined them from Central America: Orfeo, Lantana, Cascadilla and Marbella. All were subsidiaries of Manic S.A. in Luxembourg.
By early 1976, Ambrosiano's share price had steadied. But because Calvi's losses accumulated, he was forced to take ever more risk to recover them.
All in all, some $1,287 million simply disappeared.

The Ambrosiano network was probably used in international arms trading.
According to Calvi's lawyer, Giorgio Gregori, his client claimed to have channelled $50 million to aid the Polish trade union Solidarity.
Gelli and Ortolani surely received huge amounts of money from Ambrosiano. The $55 million that Gelli tried to retrieve in person from a Swiss bank account, probably originated at Ambrosiano.
Anastasio Somoza, the late dictator of Nicaragua, was said to have received money from Ambrosiano. Calvi himself said to have provided financial assistance to the left-wing Sandinistas who overthrew Somoza in 1979.

On 24 November 1982, the Italian police arrested Stibam's proprietor, Henri Arsan, who was engaged in illegal arms and drugs trafficking of enormous proportions. Maybe it was just a coincidence that Stibam's offices were next to branch office No. 18 of Ambrosiano in Milan?


Hambros – Evelyn de Rothschild – Chase Manhattan Bank
In 1971, Sindona arranged that London merchant bank Hambros partnered with Ambrosiano in setting up La Centrale. Evelyn de Rothschild joined its board. Sindona’s associate David Kennedy, Mormon and CEO of Continental Illinois (the biggest bank in Chicago), was also in business with Hambros. Marcinkus (born and raised in Chicago) was (also) a friend of David Kennedy.

Hambros was also a partner in Banca Privata Finanziaria that had been involved in the SGI deal.
After the Bank of Italy warned Hambros on Sindona, the London merchant bank severed all ties with him. In November 1971, Hambros sold its La Centrale stake, with 37% of the voting stock, to Compendium in Luxembourg and Evelyn de Rothschild left its board.

In 1978, Cisalpine Overseas was headquartered in a building, owned by the Rothschild affiliated IBM. Another tenant of the same building — Tradinvest Bank and Trust of Nassau – was also associated with Ambrosiano.

Francesco Pazienza of Ambrosiano, asked his associate Robert Armao, linked to the Chase Manhattan bank of David Rockefeller, to “evaluate” Ambrosiano. The report presented on 9 December 1981 concluded that Calvi's bank (that was already collapsing) was a first rate investment.


Italian politics – Rizzoli
Calvi did just about everything he could to keep Ambrosiano going, including “payments” to politicians in Italy: to the Socialists and Christian Democrats (that even admitted receiving $3 million). By June 1982, the Communists would owe Ambrosiano 11 billion lire — on top of the more than 20 billion lire borrowed by Rome newspaper Paese Sera, indirectly owned by the Communists.

Calvi even acquired newspaper interests for publicity purposes
In July 1974, Angelo Rizzoli Jr. acquired the Corriere delta Sera, the biggest newspaper of Italy, after paying 44 billion lire. In 1974 alone, the paper lost 12 billion lire. Rizzoli’s finance director Bruno Tassan Din looked for financing through Umberto Ortolani, who introduced Rizzoli and Tassan Din to Licio Gelli.
Banco Ambrosiano, and other banks with members of P2 as executives, started financing Rizzoli. Rizzoli, with the financial support of Ambrosiano, kept buying newspapers, also to acquire political favours.

Calvi insisted that 80% of Rizzoli's capital would serve as security for the loan. Later this majority interest in the publishers was passed on to the IOR. According to Tassan Din, everything was orchestrated by Ortolani, who received a handsome commission for his “work”. Ortolani even joined Rizzoli's board.
The editor of the Corriere, Piero Ottone, was replaced by his deputy, Franco Di Bella (a member of P2).
By the autumn of 1980, the Rizzoli publishing group was in a wretched state. Tassan Din concluded that either the group had to be sold or it needed a capital increase (that could only come from Ambrosiano).
Calvi funnelled another 150 billion lire to Rizzoli.

On 7 October 1983, Rizzoli applied for amministrazione controllata, meaning that a moratorium would be placed on its debts, while outsiders went through the books.
They found that some 28 billion lire in payments had not been recorded in the company's balance sheets. Not only was the group close to bankruptcy; fraud was suspected as well.
On 18 February 1984, Angelo Rizzoli, his brother Alberto, and Tassan Din were arrested at their Milan homes. Alberto Rizzoli, less heavily implicated, was released in mid-March. Angelo Rizzoli and Tassan Din were freed just before Easter.


Collapse of Ambrosiano – prison for Calvi
In April 1976, Law "159" was added to the Italian legislation that made the illegal export of currency a penal offence. This made it much harder to operate the offshore companies for Ambrosiano.

In 1977, Sindona turned to Calvi for cash — but for the first time he refused. On 13 November 1977, in central Milan, scores of posters were plastered on walls, exposing that Calvi had "tens of millions of dollars" transferred to Swiss bank accounts (at Credit Suisse and UBS) held by himself and his wife. This included $4.8 million after the unsuccessful Bastogi takeover and $3.3 million on 11 November 1972 as commission on the Pacchetti/ Banca Cattolica del Veneto deal. Calvi quickly agreed to pay Sindona $500,000.
On 24 November 1977, Luigi Cavallo wrote a letter to Governor of the Bank of Italy Paolo Baffi demanding action against Ambrosiano. In 1978, the inspectors went through the books of Calvi’s banks.
Calvi tried to keep the scandal covered up by opening (more) front companies in Nicaragua.

Giorgio Ambrosoli dug deeper into Sindona's affairs, and discovered some of the illegal arrangements with Calvi between 1971 and 1974. In July 1979, Ambrosoli reported that he discovered a $6.5 million commission paid by Sindona related to the Zitropo/Pacchetti deal, which gave Calvi the right to acquire the Banca Cattolica del Veneto from the IOR. The money, he stated, had been divided between "an American bishop and a Milanese banker" (Marcinkus and Calvi) - $3.3 million was paid into Swiss bank accounts. On the night of July 11/12, Ambrosoli was shot dead at point-blank range.

At this time, the state-owned oil concern ENI stepped in to loan Ambrosiano a much needed $130 million, to be followed by other companies. In 1979, Banca del Gottardo (Ambrosiano's Swiss arm) secured credits for over $60 million, in which some a consortium including the world's biggest banks took part. In 1980, Midland Bank of France arranged a loan of $40 million, and in 1981 International Westminster led a group of banks that provided another $75 million to Ambrosiano's Luxembourg Holding company.
In mid-1979, ENI’s Leonardo Di Donna wrote to Calvi to assure him that if Ambrosiano would lend more to ENI, he would be happy to provide more help to his bank's foreign subsidiaries. Tradinvest provided another $31 million to Cisalpine in Nassau, and lent another $50 million to Andino, in return for a credit of 100 million Swiss francs from Ambrosiano. Banco Ambrosiano in Milan reduced its direct lending to foreign subsidiaries from $200 million in 1978 to a less suspicious $40 million in 2 years.

In the meantime the strange transactions continued. For example on 26 June 1979, the same $9 million was sent from Nicaragua to Liechtenstein to Panama to Luxembourg, to Nassau and then back to Nicaragua again. Investigators presumed this was done to "generate income" in Luxembourg.
Although everything was directed from Milan, nothing showed up on the books of the parent bank itself.

On 4 March 1980, 38 senior bankers from Italcasse's savings institutes were arrested and charged with making irregular loans.
On 25 June 1980, Mario Genghini was finally declared bankrupt by a Rome court, leaving behind a total debt of 450 billion lire, a third of them to Ambrosiano itself.
That summer Massimo Spada, once of the IOR and now chairman of Ambrosiano's own Banca Cattolica del Veneto, was arrested and charged with involvement in Sindona's fraudulent bankruptcy in 1974. Luigi Mennini, the successor of Spada at the IOR, was similarly charged.

Then Gelli's members list of 962 names of the P2 lodge was found, together with 32 dossiers and information on payments. There were 24 journalists, 38 parliamentarians (including 2 ministers), Calvi, Sindona, Angelo Rizzoli, Tassan Din, and Mario Genghini (the other notable beneficiary of Ambrosiano's generosity). Franco Di Bella, the editor of Corriere delta Sera, was forced to resign shortly afterwards because he was on this list.
Shortly after Calvi was arrested and locked up in prison for 2 months. Antonio Tonello, chairman of both Toro and Credito Varesino, followed him behind bars. Carlo Bonomi and Giorgio Cigliana, chairman and general manager of Invest (of the Bonomi group), were also locked up.
Massimo Spada and Carlo Canesi were only allowed to remain free because of their advanced age (Canesi died during Calvi's trial, aged 87).

On 20 July, judge Roda Bogetti, sentenced Calvi to 4 years in jail and a fine of 16 billion lire. Tonello got 3 years and an 8 million lire fine. Giorgio Cappugi and Giuseppe Zanon di Valgiurata (general manager and deputy chairman of La Centrale) got lesser punishment.
Everyone else was acquitted, including Carlo Bonomi and Giorgio Cigliana.
Calvi’s lawyers immediately appealed and he was released on bail. Although he had to surrender his passport, he could resume his career as chairman of Banco Ambrosiano like nothing had happened.
The Bank of Italy continued to haunt Calvi, by demanding a full list of all shareholders owning 10,000 shares or more in Ambrosiano's overseas affiliates. In August, it removed Calvi’s voting rights in Rizzoli and the Corriere.

Orazio Bagnasco bought a large stake and became vice-chairman of Ambrosiano.
Carlo Pesenti’s Italmobiliare group had been supported by large borrowings from Ambrosiano. On 10 March, Pesenti joined Ambrosiano's board, with Italmobiliare as its largest shareholder (with 3.62%). The average price he paid, was just under 55,000 lire per share, which put the estimated value of Ambrosiano at almost $2.1 billion (on paper more than Chase Manhattan bank).
In 1981, results were displayed that profits for Ambrosiano had tripled to 43 billion lire, while its net assets had more than doubled. On May 1, Marcinkus said the IOR placed its money where it gave the best return, and that Ambrosiano had been "an excellent investment".

The Bank of Italy made public that Banco Ambrosiano showed abnormal high lending to unspecified "third parties" - exceeding $1,400 million. This was concentrated in 3 banks: Banco Andino in Lima (Peru), Ambrosiano Group Banco Comercial in Managua (Nicaragua), and Ambrosiano Overseas.
On June 2, Marcinkus flatly denied Calvi the help he requested.


Calvi flees and is murdered in London
Calvi with Flavio Carboni disappeared to Austria, and reached his final destination in London.
Possibly Calvi chose London, to hook up with the "London Lodge" of freemasons of which Calvi implied it had an enormous financial influence and had helped him in the past.
Hans Kunz, the Swiss businessman and friend of Carboni, organised the private jet to take them to London.

Calvi spoke 3 times by phone with his daughter Anna in Zurich, insisting that she should leave Europe for the US the very next day:
Something really important is happening, and today and tomorrow all hell is going to break loose.
Calvi promised he would be in touch the following morning to make sure she was on her way. This sounds like Calvi had planned to blow the whistle on the whole affair.
The next day, Friday, Calvi was found death, hanging under the Blackfriars Bridge. He had almost £7,400 in cash stuffed in the pockets of his suit (mostly in dollars and Swiss francs). There were also lumps of stone weighing over 10 pounds stuffed down his trousers.
Carboni took a private plane to Austria on Sunday. He was arrested close to Lugano at the end of July.

In Italy public opinion was convinced that Calvi was murdered.
The fact that Calvi promised to call his daughter already makes it unlikely that he would commit suicide.
Roberto Calvi suffered from vertigo and could not have managed to climb 25 feet down a ladder from the embankment parapet, and then clamber across the scaffolding to commit suicide.
Why should he have gone to Blackfriars Bridge, 5 miles from where he stayed? Calvi had enough barbiturates in his room to kill himself painlessly.

Calvi had taken a briefcase on his trip, from which he never separated; this disappeared without a trace.
On 23 July, it was decided that Calvi died by a “suicide”.
In the second inquest, in which chief pathologist at Guy's Hospital Professor Keith Simpson admitted that as Calvi was 62 years and in bad shape, it would have been very difficult for him (carrying 10 pounds of stones) to kill himself in this manner. Simpson admitted that it would have been possible for Calvi to have been taken to the spot in a boat, and his body then pulled up from the scaffolding by professional killers.
On 29 March 1983, Lord Chief Justice Lane ordered that the “suicide” verdict be quashed, and ruled an open verdict.


Ambrosiano Nuevo
Six (later to become seven) banks were involved in a restart of Ambrosiano. From the public sector: Banca Nazionale del Lavoro (BNL), the Istituto Bancario San Paolo di Torino, Istituto Mobiliare Italiano (IMI). The smaller private sector was represented by: Credito Bergamasco of Bergamo, Banca Popolare di Milano and Banca San Paolo from Brescia.
On 4 August 1981, the 3 commissioners formally requested that Ambrosiano be liquidated. After the declaration of insolvency by a Milan bankruptcy court on August 26 only a formality.
The seven banks agreed to put up an initial capital of 600 billion lire for the new bank. Theoretically, Banca Nazionale del Lavoro, simultaneously one of the main creditors of Ambrosiano Luxembourg and a leading shareholder in Nuovo Banco Ambrosiano, could sue itself.
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