I’ve found another book; David Yallop – In God’s name, an investigation into the murder of Pope John Paul I
(1984): http://docshare04.docshare.tips/files/2 ... 435065.pdf
I’ve tried to keep the summary of this book short, but I’m afraid it’s too long...
The main person in this book is P2 member Michele Sindona, with excellent connections in the Italian and American Mafia and the Vatican.
I thought that this book was mostly about the involvement in both the terrorist attacks in the “Strategy of tension
” and the murder of Albino Luciani in 1978 (33 days after he became Pope John Paul I) by the Masonic Lodge Propaganda Due (P2). However, the murder of Albino Luciani is only a small part of the book, the false flags are mostly ignored, but it’s mostly about how P2 laundered drugs profits with the help of the Vatican bank.
SINDONA – THE SHARK
Lawyer Michele Sindona started his career in 1942 buying food on the Black Market in Palermo and smuggling it with the aid of the Mafia to Messina, where it was sold to the starving population.
The Gambino family made Sindona an offer to manage the family’s re-investment of the huge profits from the sales of heroin. Sindona attended a Mafia summit on 2 November 1957. Seventeen months later he had bought his first bank, with Mafia funding.
Sindona created a Liechtenstein holding company, Fasco AG
. Shortly afterwards in 1959, Fasco
acquired the Milanese Banca Privata Finanziaria (BPF)
. The same year, Sindona also acquired the Banca di Messina
, with 2.4 million dollars in funding (mainly from the Vatican and CIA).
of Illinois, bought 22% of the BPF
bank from Sindona.
Sindona forged close links with Massimo Spada, one of the Vatican’s “trusted men”.
In 1964, Sindona acquired another bank, the Banque de Financement
in Geneva, Finabank
. Vatican retained a 29% share in the bank, while Hambros
of London and Continental Illinois
of Chicago also had a stake.
Carlo Bordoni was recruited to set up the brokerage company, Moneyrex
, on 5 February 1965. By 1967, run in an “ethical” manner, it was dealing in a volume of 40 billion dollars per year with net profits in excess of 2 million dollars.
Bordoni also looked over the banking operations of BPF
starting in 1966 - he was shocked. BPF
was a tiny bank that could only survive through masked foreign currency “black operations” on behalf of Credito Italiano, Banca Commerciale Italiana
and other large Italian banks. Bordoni also found massive theft. The staff was transferring large amounts of money from the accounts of depositors without their knowledge. These sums were then moved to an account held by the Vatican Bank. The Vatican Bank took 15% commission before transferring the amounts to Sindona’s personal account at Finabank
Bordoni’s discoveries at Finabank
were almost worse. The Managing Director, Mario Olivero played the share, commodity and currency markets all day. If he lost, the loss was transferred to a client’s account. If he won the profit was his.
In September 1973: in New York the Prime Minister of Italy, Giulio Andreotti, hails Sindona as “the Saviour of the Lira
”. In January 1974, US Ambassador John Volpe congratulates Sindona (on the right) on being named the American Club “Man of The Year
MARCINKUS – VATICAN INC
All of the criminal activities by Sindona happened with the knowledge and full support of the Istituto per le Opere di Religione
(IOR, the Vatican Bank).
In 1967, the American Bishop Paul Marcinkus (the Gorilla) originally from Cicero near Chicago, was appointed as the Vatican Bank’s Secretary by Pope Paul VI. Since then he was practically running the Bank. Before 1967, the Vatican had already for a few years been involved with Sindona.
Since 1971, Marcinkus had been on the board of directors of Cisalpine
(Banco Ambrosiano Overseas) in Nassau, the Bahamas. Sindona and Calvi gave Marcinkus and the Vatican Bank 8% of Cisalpine
The Vatican Bank also owned some 20% of the Banca Unione
; on the Board of Directors were Massimo Spada and Luigi Mennini. Mennini speculated, on behalf of the Vatican Bank, in foreign currencies alongside Bordoni.
The bulk of the Vatican’s investments on the US Stock Market were funnelled through Continental Illinois
In 1971, the Banca Cattolica del Veneto
was “sold” by the Vatican to Calvi. On 29 October 1971, when the sale was completed, the shares were re-assigned to Zitropo
, the company owned at the time by Sindona. Later Zitropo
became first a Calvi-owned asset and then a Vatican Bank asset. The shares of Banca Cattolica
remained in the Vatican safe.
On paper the Vatican Bank had made a profit of 7,724,378,100 lire by hiking the price of the shares. In reality Calvi paid the Vatican Bank 800 million lire for the privilege of using their name and facilities…
The Bishops in Venice were disturbed over selling “their” bank. Cardinal Albino Luciani was sent to investigate, and interviewed Cardinal Giovanni Benelli, who confirmed Calvi as the majority shareholder in the Banca Cattolica del Veneto
, by paying 27 billion lire (approximately $45 million) to Marcinkus.
Benelli presented more details, including on a company called Pacchetti
which had been purchased by Calvi from Sindona.
In 1972, Pacchetti
was traded at about 250 lire per share. Sindona instructed the Banca Unione
to buy Pacchetti
shares. By using nominees, the shares were then illegally parked in Sindona-owned companies. The price of the shares began to surge, eventually reaching 1,600 lire. Then all the “parking companies” dumped their Pacchetti
shares into the Zitropo
of Calvi, to inflate the value of Zitropo
. Calvi paid much more than the company was worth. Sindona, having funded the entire operation with fictitious guarantees, made a huge illegal profit.
Benelli believed that the Vatican bank was an accomplice to tax evasion, illegal movement of shares and that in the 1972 scheme Calvi paid a separate 31 billion lire on Credito Varesino
In 1978, a Government-appointed liquidator, Giorgio Ambrosoli, discovered that Sindona had paid an illegal kickback to Calvi of 6.5 million dollars for this deal, who shared this fifty-fifty with Bishop Marcinkus.
In 1973, the US Justice Department was investigating a scheme in which 950 million dollars worth of fake bonds would be used to acquire Bastogi
, a giant Italian company with interests in property, mining and chemicals. This involved Sindona and the Vatican bank (Marcinkus).
In 1973, Marcinkus confirmed his friendship with Sindona.
In May 1973, Benelli visited Luciani, to inform him about the American investigation on Marcinkus’ participation in counterfeit securities and the American Mafia.
Archbishop Paul Marcinkus was never tried for his participation in these criminal activities. He finally left the Vatican in March 1990 and settled in Phoenix, Arizona. He died there in February 2006.
According to a member of the Mafia, Marcinkus had been present at a meeting when the decision was made to “suicide” Roberto Calvi in June 1982.
MONEY LAUNDERING & BRIBES
Sindona mastered the technique of acquiring troubled companies, dividing them up, selling off pieces, merging other pieces, shuffling everything and making a profit.
Società Generale Immobiliare
was worth 350 lire per share. The Vatican held some 25% of the 143 million shares. In the spring of 1969, Cardinal Guerri asked Sindona if he’d like to buy. Sindona took the lot – at double the market price. Sindona and Guerri also agreed on the sale of the controlling share of the Vatican in Condotte d’Acqua
(Rome’s Water Company) and Ceramica Pozzi
Sindona’s initial payment of 5 million dollars was made with money illegally converted from the deposits of BPF
. In the last week of May 1969, Sindona transferred the sum to a small Zürich bank, Privat Kredit Bank
, which sent the money back to BPF
, from there it was transferred to another Sindona-controlled company, Mabusi Italiana
, which paid the Vatican. Further money came from Hambros
of London and the American Gulf and Western
Exports would be invoiced at costs that were much lower than the real ones. The bent invoice would officially be paid via the Bank of Italy
, which passed the (low) figure to the Taxation Department. The exporter would be taxed on this low figure.
The balance was paid by the receiver of the goods abroad directly to Finabank
. In many instances Sindona-owned exporting companies showed a loss. Sindona bribed politicians to continue.
A similar crime was done on imports. Then the invoice was for a higher figure than the actual cost of the goods. When the goods passed through customs, payment of the artificially high figure would be made by the company to the foreign supplier. The foreign supplier in turn would assign the balance to a numbered account at Finabank
or one of the other Swiss banks.
Money was diverted to Gelli and Ortolani through the Panamanian company Bellatrix
, controlled by Marcinkus and owned by the Vatican. Bellatrix
had been created by P2 members Gelli, Ortolani and Bruno Tassan Din (the latter director and financial strategist to the giant Rizzoli publishing group).
The capital of Bellatrix
was only ten thousand dollars. They milked Ambrosiano
for 184 million dollars.
Over the years, international banks were queuing up to lend Calvi millions upon millions of dollars. The majority of the loans were extended to shell Panamanian and Liechtenstein companies and transferred to Peru. These small shell companies, eventually 17, many with a nominal capital of only 10,000 dollars, “loaned” massive amounts. The majority was owned by a Luxembourg company named Manic SA
, which was owned by the Vatican Bank. The loans were never repaid.
That over 450 million dollars was loaned to a mere holding company, Banco Ambrosiano Holdings
, based in Luxembourg, shows how corrupted the international banks really are.
P2 member José Lopez Rega also set up a large cocaine-smuggling pipeline between Argentina and the USA.
Dirty money from the Mafia in Mexico, Canada and the USA was also cleaned through the P2 network. The operation was very simple. To quote Carlo Bordoni:
“These companies in Canada and Mexico were used to bring into the USA over the Canadian and Mexican borders dollars from the Mafia, from the Freemasons and from numerous illegal and criminal operations; the money arrived in suitcases and was then invested in US State Bonds. These were then sent to Finabank. Clean and easily negotiable.
When you transfer large amounts of capital to third parties, a hole begins to appear. It fills up with the declaration of false and nonexistent profits. The cash meanwhile continues to pour to third parties.
In July 1974, the holes were showing in Italy and the USA. In an attempt to fill the Italian hole, Sandoni merged Banca Unione
into Banca Privata
. The 2 large holes, have become one gigantic hole - 200 billion lire.
At this time his empire was crashing rapidly. Banks were collapsing in Italy, Switzerland, Germany and the USA. Sindona was wanted by the Italian authorities and was fighting his extradition from the USA.
According to the Italian press, the Vatican had lost more than 100 million dollars. The Vatican admitted that it had sustained some loss.
On 3 October 1974, Licio Gelli warns Michele Sindona that he will be arrested the next day. Sindona flies to Geneva, and then to New York City.
On 8 October 1974, the Franklin Bank
collapses. Losses to the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation
– 2 billion dollars. At the time the biggest bank crash in American history. The collapse was followed by a number of arrests.
From October 1974 to January 1975, banks connected to Sindona keep crashing – Bankhaus Wolff A.G.
of Hamburg, Bankhaus I.K. Herstatt
of Cologne, Amincor Bank
of Zürich, and Finabank
. Swiss sources estimate that the Vatican lost 240 million dollars in Finabank
For over 3 years Sindona fights the Italian Government’s attempts to have him extradited. They wanted him to face charges in Milan involving fraudulent diversion of 225 million dollars.
In June 1975, the Italian authorities sentenced Sindona in absentiato
to 3 ½ years in prison, being found guilty on 23 counts of misappropriating 10 million pounds.
At the same time, assistant United States attorney John Kenney, was investigating the illegal dealings of Sandoni. This included the Vatican Bank, which was involved in laundering Mafia money.
Sindona meanwhile was living in his luxurious apartment in New York. He used the Richard Nixon/John Mitchell law firm to help him fight extradition.
In September 1976, the Italian authorities finally arrested Sindona in New York. He was subsequently released on a 3 million dollars bail. Sindona remained a free man.
On 9 March 1979, the Justice Department indicted Sindona and charged him with 99 counts of fraud, perjury and misappropriation of bank funds. The charges stemmed from the collapse of the Franklin National Bank
On 27 March 1980, Michele Sindona was found guilty on 65 counts, including fraud, conspiracy, perjury, false bank statements, and misappropriation of bank funds. On 13 June 1980, Sindona was sentenced to 25 years in prison and a fine of over 200,000 dollars.
Carlo Bordoni had been the main prosecution witness against Sindona, and got 7 years and a 20,000 dollar fine.
Sindona was subsequently found guilty of arranging his own false kidnap to jump bail, and sentenced to another 2 ½ years.
In 1985, a Milan court found Sindona guilty of fraudulent bankruptcy and sentenced him to 15 years.
On 18 March 1986, another Milan court found Michele Sindona guilty of ordering the murder of Giorgio Ambrosoli and he was sentenced to life imprisonment. He was due to be returned to the USA to first serve the 25-year prison sentence. With a life sentence, Sindona was expected to turn informer...
On 20 March, after drinking his breakfast coffee, Sindona screamed, “They have poisoned me!
”. On March 22, he was dead.
CALVI – THE KNIGHT
In 1963, Roberto Calvi formed the Luxembourg company Compendium
– the name was later changed to Banco Ambrosiano Holdings SA
. This shell company was the key to Calvi’s schemes.
Huge amounts were transferred to Calvi’s secret 4 Swiss accounts (at the Union de Banques Suisses
and Credit Bank
of Zürich) which he held jointly with his wife.
When Sindona crashed, business also became more difficult for his close associate Calvi. To continue, he set up the company Suprafin SA
in Milan. From 1975 to 1978, Suprafin
displayed massive faith in Calvi’s Banco Ambrosiano
– 50 million dollars’ worth.
By September 1978, Calvi had already stolen over 400 million dollars.
While Sandoni was in the USA, Calvi had fled to Buenos Aires, where he regularly discussed the current problems with Gelli and his right hand man, Umberto Ortolani.
shares plummeted further, forcing Calvi to divert even more money to prop up the price. Gelli dropped several million dollars in the pockets of Nicaragua’s dictator Anastasio Somoza, who announced that it was an excellent idea for Calvi to open a branch in his country. In September 1977, Calvi opened an Ambrosiano
branch in Managua. Its function was to move money from the Nassau branch (where Marcinkus was director).
By now there were also Calvi companies in Canada, Belgium and the USA; another was planned for Peru.
Calvi was also laundering money for P2, with the assistance of the Vatican Bank. The money moved from Banco Ambrosiano
into a Vatican account in Italy, then to Banco Gottardo
, Switzerland. Fifty-five million dollars, for example, were diverted by Calvi from Peru to one of Gelli’s numbered account at UBS Zürich
. Another 30 million dollars were transferred to Swiss accounts of P2 member Flavio Carboni (who recorded conversations with Calvi from October 1981 to May 1982).
Money stolen by Calvi was used by the Argentine military junta to purchase Exocet missiles from the French for the Falkland wars; Calvi’s bank in Peru assisted in that deal.
Millions went secretly and illegally to aid Solidarity
in Poland. The total amount that was funnelled on behalf of the Vatican to Solidarity was over one hundred million dollars.
On 9 June 1982, David Yallop (the writer of this book) called Roberto Calvi for an interview. When Yallop explained that he was writing a book on Albino Luciani and the Banca Cattolica del Veneto
, Calvi reacted paranoid:
“Who has sent you against me? Who has told you to do this thing? Always I pay. Always I pay. How do you know Gelli? What do you want? How much do you want?
Gelli suggested that Calvi would travel to London, where he was found hanging under Blackfriars Bridge in the City of London on 17 June 1982. This was quickly ruled a “suicide”.
According to the following, Calvi’s body was found with his hands tied behind his back: http://www.deepblacklies.co.uk/operation_gladio.htm
Hours before Calvi died, his secretary in Milan, Graziella Corrocher, had already been “suicided” from a fourth floor window at the Banco Ambrosiano
headquarters in Milan.
Within days a hole of 1.3 billion dollar was discovered in Banco Ambrosiano Milan
On 2 October 1982, Giuseppe Dellacha, an executive at the Banco Ambrosiano
, was also “suicided” from a window in the Milan headquarters.
Before John Patrick Cody arrived in Chicago he had left the diocese of Kansas City, St Joseph, with 30 million dollars in debt; earlier he had done the same in New Orleans.
The entire revenue of the Catholic Church in Chicago was 250 to 300 million dollars annually. Cody diverted hundreds of thousands of dollars via Continental Illinois
to Marcinkus in the Vatican Bank. Marcinkus would then divert money to cardinals in Poland.
When Cody was on one of his one hundred trips to Rome, he distributed expensive presents. When “new” Pope John Paul II visited the USA in October 1979, Cody presented him with a small wooden box with 50,000 dollars inside.
There is evidence that Cody had an affair with Helen Wilson. In January 1981, the Federal Grand Jury served a number of subpoenas on Cody, demanding to see his financial records. On 10 September 1981, Cardinal Cody got into serious trouble, because of an article in the Chicago Sun-Times: “Federal grand jury probes use of church funds: Investigation centers on gifts to a friend
Cody had apparently been illegally diverting as much as $1 million in church funds to Helen Dolan Wilson, a divorced mother of two. Cody helped Wilson get a job at the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of St. Louis, provided money for her luxury vacation home in Boca Raton, and had bought an expensive apartment for her in St. Louis. Cody had also steered insurance contracts to her son, David Dolan Wilson, and Wilson was the beneficiary of a $100,000 insurance policy on Cody’s life.
On 25 April 1982, Cody died, which stopped the investigation: http://niemanreports.org/articles/in-th ... inal-cody/
THE MURDER OF POPE LUCIANI
On 6 August 1978, Pope Paul VI died (was this of natural causes?).
He was succeeded by the relatively unknown Albino Luciani, who called himself Pope John Paul I. On 27 August 1978, Luciani had dinner with his new Secretary of State Cardinal Jean Villot and instructed him to immediately start an investigation into the entire financial operation of the Vatican.
In early September, P2 member Mino Pecorelli published a list of 121 people members of Masonic Lodges inside the Vatican. Pecorelli’s motive for publishing the list was a struggle with his (former) Grand Master, Licio Gelli.
Pecorelli arranged for Luciani to get a copy of this list, according to Canon Law all Masons in the Vatican should be excommunicated. Here’s the list: http://www.libertyforlife.com/nwo/illum ... asons.html
Cardinal Giovanni Benelli informed the Pope about the Bank of Italy investigation into Banco Ambrosiano
. It would be followed by criminal charges against Roberto Calvi and his fellow directors. The Vatican Bank was implicated in a large amount of illegal deals. Criminals inside the Vatican Bank were Paul Marcinkus, Luigi Mennelli and Pellegrino De Strobel.
On 28 September, Villot was informed by the Pope that to be replaced at once were: Marcinkus, Cardinal Sebastiano Baggio, Mennini, De Strobel and Monsignor De Bonis. This would make exposure of the entire fraud inevitable.
Every one of the clerical personnel whom Luciani was moving out, was on the list of Masons of Pecorelli. Villot was also on that list; Luciani told him that he would be replaced by Benelli…
Luciani also explained that all links with the Banco Ambrosiano Group
have to be severed.
Pope John Paul I had also decided that Cardinal John Cody was to be replaced…
Gelli reassured Roberto Calvi that the “problem” of the new Pope would be solved.
In the late evening of 28 September, early morning of 29 September 1978, thirty-three days after his election, Albino Luciani died…
At 4:30 AM, on the morning of 29 September, Sister Vincenza carried a flask of coffee to the study as usual, and called out, “Good morning, Holy Father
”. For once there was no reply. Vincenza left, but when she returned 15 minutes later, the coffee was still untouched.
After knocking on his bedroom door, she opened it to find the Pope sitting in his bed with some papers in his hands. Vincenza, a skilled nurse, checked his pulse to confirm Luciani was dead.
Vincenza first woke up Monsignor Macchi to tell him the news. Next to see the corpse of Luciani were Father Diego Lorenzi and Father John Magee. Magee’s telephoned Cardinal Villot.
When Villot arrived on the murder scene, he took the medicine that Luciani had been taking for low blood pressure and removed the notes on the Papal transfers and appointments from the dead Pope’s hands. From his study desk his last Will was removed.
Villot then told the shocked members of the Pope’s household a fictitious account on how Luciani’s body had been found.
If Luciani had lived, then Villot’s removal from the Secretariat of State would also have meant his removal from the APSA. This organisation has probably more investments than Marcinkus’ Vatican Bank…
Dr Buzzonetti did a brief examination of the body and concluded a heart attack. The doctor put the time of death at about 11.00 PM the previous evening. According to skilled doctors, it would have been impossible to determine the cause and time of death after such a brief external examination.
Villot ordered that the body of Albino Luciani would be immediately embalmed (to destroy evidence).
Finally at 7:27 AM, Cardinal Villot told that the Pope was found dead earlier in the morning, at about 5:30 by the private Secretary of the Pope.
It’s clear that Villot had a motive for killing the Pope and he destroyed evidence.
It has later been confirmed that Sister Vincenza was the one who had found the Pope.
The Vatican released stories that the Pope had suffered from a bad health. His own Doctor for the last 20 years, Antonio Da Ros, said this was a blatant lie.
People in the Vatican realised that on 5 September, the Russian Orthodox Archbishop of Leningrad, Nikodim had died suddenly, after possibly drinking a cup of coffee intended for Albino Luciani.
WOJTYLA - THE NEW POPE
Then the Polish Karol Wojtyla was elected as new Pope, with the “original” name John Paul II. Wojtyla continued the corrupt policies of Pope Paul VI.
Villot was again appointed Secretary of State, Cody remained in control of Chicago for the time being, Marcinkus, aided by Mennini, De Strobel and De Bonis, controlled the Vatican Bank, Baggio stayed on his post in the Vatican, and the corrupt Poletti remained Cardinal Vicar of Rome.
In 1977, Cardinal Benelli had to leave the Vatican.
Calvi, Gelli and Ortolani continued their massive thefts and frauds under the protection of the Vatican Bank.
José Mateos, known as Spain’s richest man, funnelled millions to Opus Dei
. A considerable amount of this money came from illegal deals in Spain and Argentina with Calvi.
On 25 February 1987, Milan magistrates issued warrants for the arrest of Marcinkus and his Vatican Bank colleagues Mennini and de Strobel. All remained protected by Pope John Paul II in the Vatican,.
The following picture shows Marcinkus in front of Pope John Paul II.
DEAD MEN TELL NO TALES
In July 1976 Italian magistrate Vittorio Occorsio was in the middle of an investigation into the links between the neo-Fascist National Vanguard and P2. On 10 July, he was murdered by machine-gun fire.
Firestarter wrote:In 1967, Italian Judge Emilio Alessandrini wrote that the Bilderberg Group is one of the biggest promoters of the “strategy of tension”, and behind massacres in Italy. Alessandrini was killed in 1979.
Gelli contacted left-wing terrorist group Prima Linea, based in Milan, about Alessandrini as a possible victim. On the morning of 29 January, Alessandrini stopped at a traffic light. Five men fired bullets into his body. Prima Linea claimed responsibility for the murder.
On 9 March 1979, Cardinal Jean Villot blew out his last breath.
On 20 March 1979, Gelli telephoned Pecorelli at his Rome office, and suggested a peace talk over dinner the following day. After Mino Pecorelli left his office in via Orazio at 9:15 PM, he was killed with 2 bullets fired from within his mouth, a Sicilian Mafia gesture of “sasso in bocca”, he will talk no more.
The liquidator, Giorgio Ambrosoli had already collected evidence on 77 people, included men in the Vatican, like Massimo Spada and Luigi Mennini. He had evidence that the Vatican Bank was complicit in Sindona’s crimes.
By March 1979, Ambrosoli had computed that Banca Privata
alone had lost 257 billion lire as a result of the schemes of Sindona.
On 11 July, Ambrosoli completed his deposition. He would return the following day and sign the record of his testimony and available for further questioning that week. Later that day William Arico, his son Charles Arico and Rocky Messina fired at least 4 bullets from a P38 into the lawyer’s chest. He died.
By 6 AM Arico was in Switzerland, one hundred thousand dollars had been transferred from a Sindona account at Calvi’s Banca del Gottardo
into an account of Arico at Crédit Suisse
On 18 and 19 March 1983, Sindona’s son Nino Sindona was tape recorded by the writer Luigi di Fonzoon. Nino said that “Billy Arico” was sent to Milan by Venetucci (a heroin smuggler and alleged member of the Gambino family) at the request of his father, and Arico murdered Ambrosoli.
Boris Giuliano had discovered cheques and other documents which indicated that Sindona had been recycling the proceeds from heroin sales through the Vatican Bank to his Amincor Bank
in Switzerland. He agreed on another meeting with Ambrosoli to compare notes.
On 21 July 1979 at 8:05 AM, Boris Giuliano went into the Lux Bar in Palermo for a coffee. A man fired 6 shots into Giuliano. Nobody had seen or heard anything. Giuliano’s position as deputy superintendent of the Palermo police and head of the city’s CID was taken by Giuseppe Impallomeni, a member of P2.
On 13 July 1979 at 8.30 AM, Lt-Colonel Antonio Varisco was being driven in a white BMW in Rome. A white Fiat 128 pulled alongside, 4 shots were fired and the Lt-Colonel and chauffeur were dead. One hour later the Red Brigades claimed responsibility.
On 19 February 1984, 2 days before an extradition hearing, William Arico fell to his death while trying to escape from the Metropolitan Correctional Center in lower Manhattan.
GELLI - PUPPET MASTER
Licio Gelli (the Puppet Master, Il Burattinaio) had a wide range of contacts across the political spectrum from Andreotti and Fanfani in Italy to President Nixon and David Kennedy in the White House. They included intimate banking relationships with the Vatican Bank, Hambros
P2 interlocks with the CIA and reaches into the heart of the Vatican.
He was in touch with the rulers of Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay, Venezuela, and Nicaragua. Gelli organised the triumphant return to power of General Juan Peron. By September 1973, Peron had become President of Argentina. Peron showed his gratitude by kneeling at the feet of Licio Gelli, witnessed by, among others, Italian Prime Minister Andreotti.
See: Juan Peron and Licio Gelli.
In 1972, Sindona in a meeting with Maurice Stans, Nixon’s chief fund raiser, offered one million dollars in cash for his Campaign Fund.
Licio Gelli, attended the inaugural ceremonies of presidents Gerald Ford, Jimmy Carter, and Ronald Reagan. Gelli called himself a friend of George H.W. Bush.
Sindona had introduced Gelli to Philip Guarino, who became Reagan’s campaign leader in 1980. On 8 April 1980, Gelli wrote from Italy to Phillip Guarino of the Republican Party National Committee:
“If you think it might be useful for something favourable to your Presidential candidate to be published in Italy, send me some material and I’ll get it published in one of the papers here.
According to the state media, P2 was dissolved. According to Yallop, in 1984, P2 was still active in Italy, Argentina, Venezuela, Paraguay, Bolivia, France, Portugal, Nicaragua, Switzerland and the USA.
Firestarter wrote:In March 1981, police found a list of alleged members of P2 in Gelli's house in Arezzo. It contained 962 names, that included important state officials, politicians and a number of military officers, the heads of the 3 Italian secret services (SISDE, SISMI and CESIS), Victor Emmanuel (the son of the last Italian king), a top manager of the Banco di Roma (then Italy's third largest bank), a director-general of the Banca Nazionale del Lavoro (Italy’s largest bank), and future Italian Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi.
Here’s the list of P2 members: http://www.archivio900.it/it/documenti/doc.aspx?id=42
When Gelli noticed that his Swiss bank account was blocked, he flew to Madrid and then to Geneva on a false Argentinean passport. Shortly after he arrived in September 1982 at the bank, he was arrested.
On 10 August 1983, Gelli escaped from the Champ Dollon prison. He returned to Uruguay, a few miles north of Montevideo.
On 16 April 1992, a Milan court found 33 men guilty of criminal fraudulent conspiracy relating to the collapse of Banco Ambrosiano
. Among those to be sentenced were Umberto Ortolani (to 19 years) and Licio Gelli (18 ½ years). All 33 were granted bail.
In April 1998, Gelli’s sentence was reduced in appeal to 12 years, but Gelli “negotiated” to let him serve his sentence in his villa, and he had to surrender his passport. Gelli merely took another passport out of his safe. He was subsequently arrested on the French Riviera. Three days later the police searched his villa in Tuscany and discovered 150 gold bars hidden in the flowerpots on the patio (minimum value at the time £1.5 million).
The following May, after serving only a few months in prison, he was released on “health grounds”.
In 1996, Gelli was nominated as a candidate for the Nobel Prize in Literature, supported by Mother Theresa.
In 2003 Gelli told La Repubblica that it seemed that the P2 "democratic rebirth plan" was being implemented by (P2 member) Silvio Berlusconi.
Former Prime Minister Giulio Andreotti, who was maybe even higher in the (Masonic) hierarchy than Gelli, was sentenced to 24 years in prison. Because of his age, 83, he would not serve the sentence. After a series of appeals, Andreotti was cleared of having connections with the Mafia and in October 2003 he was cleared of complicity in the murder of Pecorelli.
See Gelli and PM Andreotti.