Comprehending laws and contracts is impossible, unless we first learn the meaning of the words and phrases they contain.

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Post by notmartha » Tue May 15, 2018 11:44 am

There is more about "Jews" and Jews who are not Jews in this post: ... t=10#p4580


The word Jew(s) is found 281 times in the KJV, 86 times in the OT and 195 times in the NT. The following show the Hebrew and Greek words translated into English, with definitions as per Strong's Concordance, 1890.

The word "Jew(s)" as found in Old Testament:

Hebrew Strong's Number: 3054
Hebrew Word: ‏יָהַד‎
Transliteration: yāhad
Phonetic Pronunciation:yaw-had'
Root: denominative from a form corresponding to <H3061>
Part of Speech: v

English Words used in KJV:
became Jews 1
[Total Count: 1]

denominative from a form corresponding to <H3061> (Yehuwd); to Judaize, i.e. become Jewish :- become Jews.

Hebrew Strong's Number: 3061
Hebrew Word: ‏יְהוּד‎
Transliteration: yehûd
Phonetic Pronunciation:yeh-hood'
Root: contracted from a form corresponding to <H3063>
Part of Speech: n pr loc

English Words used in KJV:
Judah 5
Judea 1
Jewry 1
[Total Count: 7]

(Chaldee); contracted from a form corresponding to <H3063> (Yehuwdah); properly Judah, hence Jud'a :- Jewry, Judah, Judea.

Hebrew Strong's Number: 3062
Hebrew Word: ‏יְהוּדָי‎
Transliteration: yehûdāy
Phonetic Pronunciation:yeh-hoo-daw-ee'
Root: patrial from <H3061>
Part of Speech: n pr pl

English Words used in KJV:
Jews 10
[Total Count: 10]

(Chaldee); patrial from <H3061> (Yehuwd); a Jehudaète (or Judaite), i.e. Jew :- Jew.

Hebrew Strong's Number: 3063
Hebrew Word: ‏יְהוּדָה‎
Transliteration: yehûdâ
Phonetic Pronunciation:yeh-hoo-daw'
Root: from <H3034>, Greek <G2448> and <G2455>
Part of Speech: n pr m

English Words used in KJV:
Judah 808
Bethlehemjudah + <H1035> 10
[Total Count: 818]

from <H3034> (yadah); celebrated; Jehudah (or Judah), the name of five Israelites; also of the tribe descended from the first, and of its territory :- Judah.

Hebrew Strong's Number: 3064
Hebrew Word: ‏יְהוּדִי‎
Transliteration: yehûdî
Phonetic Pronunciation:yeh-hoo-dee'
Root: patronymically from <H3063>
Part of Speech: n m

English Words used in KJV:
Jew 74
Jew + <H376> 1
Judah 1
[Total Count: 76]

patronymic from <H3063> (Yehuwdah); a Jehudite (i.e. Judaite or Jew), or descendant of Jehudah (i.e. Judah) :- Jew.

The word "Jew(s)" as found in the New Testament:

Greek Strong's Number: 2450
Greek Word: Ἰουδαΐζω
Transliteration: Ioudaizō
Phonetic Pronunciation:ee-oo-dah-id'-zo
Root: from <G2453>
Part of Speech: v

English Words used in KJV:
to live as do the Jews 1
[Total Count: 1]

from <G2453> (Ioudaios); to become a Jud'an, i.e. “Judaize” :- live as the Jews.

Greek Strong's Number: 2451
Greek Word: Ἰουδαϊκός
Transliteration: Ioudaikos
Phonetic Pronunciation:ee-oo-dah-ee-kos'
Root: from <G2453>
Part of Speech: adj

English Words used in KJV:
Jewish 1
[Total Count: 1]

from <G2453> (Ioudaios); Judaïc, i.e. resembling a Jud'an :- Jewish.

Greek Strong's Number: 2452
Greek Word: Ἰουδαϊκῶς
Transliteration: Ioudaikōs
Phonetic Pronunciation:ee-oo-dah-ee-koce'
Root: from <G2451>
Part of Speech: adv

English Words used in KJV:
as do the Jews 1
[Total Count: 1]

adverb from <G2451> (Ioudaikos); Judaïcally or in a manner resembling a Jud'an :- as do the Jews.

Greek Strong's Number: 2453
Greek Word: Ἰουδαῖος
Transliteration: Ioudaios
Phonetic Pronunciation:ee-oo-dah'-yos
Root: from <G2448> (in the sense of <G2455> as a country)
Part of Speech: adj

English Words used in KJV:
Jew 193
of Judea 1
Jewess 2
[Total Count: 196]

from <G2448> (Iouda) (in the sense of <G2455> (Ioudas) as a country); Jud'an, i.e. belonging to Jehudah :- Jew (-ess), of Jud'a.

Greek Strong's Number: 2454
Greek Word: Ἰουδαϊσμός
Transliteration: Ioudaismos
Phonetic Pronunciation:ee-oo-dah-is-mos'
Root: from <G2450>
Part of Speech: n m

English Words used in KJV:
Jews' religion 2
[Total Count: 2]

from <G2450> (Ioudaizo); “Judaïsm”, i.e. the Jewish faith and usages :- Jews' religion.

Smith’s Bible Dictionary, William Smith, 1884
JEW (a man of Judea).

This name was properly applied to a member of the kingdom of Judah after the separation of the ten tribes. The term first makes its appearance just before the captivity of the ten tribes. 2 Kin 16:6 After the return the word received a larger application. Partly from the predominance of the members of the old kingdom of Judah among those who returned to Palestine, partly from the identification of Judah with the religious ideas and hopes of the people, all the members of the new state were called Jews (Judeans) and the name was extended to the remnants of the race scattered throughout the nations. Under the name of "Judeans" the people of Israel were known to classical writers. (Tac. H. v.2, etc.) The force of the title "Jew" is seen particularly in the Gospel of St. John, who very rarely uses any other term to describe the opponents of our Lord. At an earlier stage of the progress of the faith it was contrasted with Greek as implying an outward covenant with God, Roma 1:16; 2:9, 10; Colo 3:11 etc., which was the correlative of Hellenist [HELLENIST], and marked a division of language subsisting within the entire body, and at the same time less expressive than Israelite, which brought out with especial clearness the privileges and hopes of the children of Jacob. 2 Cor 11:22; John 1:47
Easton's Bible Dictionary, Matthew George Easton, 1897

The Jewish Day is sunset to sunset, in eight equal parts.

The name derived from the patriarch Judah, at first given to one belonging to the tribe of Judah or to the separate kingdom of Judah (2Ki 16:6; 2Ki 25:25; Jer 32:12; Jer 38:19; Jer 40:11; Jer 41:3), in contradistinction from those belonging to the kingdom of the ten tribes, who were called Israelites.

During the Captivity, and after the Restoration, the name, however, was extended to all the Hebrew nation without distinction (Esth 3:6, 10; Dan 3:8, 12; Ezra 4:12; Ezra 5:1, 5).

Originally this people were called Hebrews (Gen 39:14; Gen 40:15; Ex 2:7; Ex 3:18; Ex 5:3; 1Sa 4:6, 9), but after the Exile this name fell into disuse. But Paul was styled a Hebrew (2Co 11:22; Php 3:5).

The history of the Jewish nation is interwoven with the history of Palestine and with the narratives of the lives of their rulers and chief men. They are now (1897) dispersed over all lands, and to this day remain a separate people, "without a king, and without a prince, and without a sacrifice, and without an image (R.V. 'pillar,' marg. 'obelisk'), and without an ephod, and without teraphim" (Hos 3:4). Till about the beginning of the present century (1800) they were everywhere greatly oppressed, and often cruelly persecuted; but now their condition is greatly improved, and they are admitted in most European countries to all the rights of free citizens. In 1860 the "Jewish disabilities" were removed, and they were admitted to a seat in the British Parliament. Their number in all is estimated at about six millions, about four millions being in Europe.

There are three names used in the New Testament to designate this people,
(1.) Jews, as regards their nationality, to distinguish them from Gentiles.
(2.) Hebrews, with regard to their language and education, to distinguish them from Hellenists, i.e., Jews who spoke the Greek language.
(3.) Israelites, as respects their sacred privileges as the chosen people of God. "To other races we owe the splendid inheritance of modern civilization and secular culture; but the religious education of mankind has been the gift of the Jew alone."
Anti-Thought-Control Dictionary created by American Christian Ministries

CONTROLLED MEANING: An Israelite. The seed of Abraham. The Chosen People of the Bible. One who practices the religion of the Old Testament, which is called Judaism. Jews are perpetually persecuted by all other people on earth. God judges the nations primarily by measuring each nation's relationship with the Jews. God blesses the nations that support the Jews, but He curses the nations that do not. The Christian faith owes its existence to the Jewish culture from whence Jesus and his religion originated.

INTENT: To prejudice Bible-ignorant Churchgoers into passively granting the Jews a carte-blanche to do anything they please in the world of religion and politics; to exempt Jews from normal scrutiny and criticism.
TRUE MEANING: The word "Jew" is not in the Bible in its original form. The word "Jew" did not appear in actual use until over 1000 years after the crucifixion of Jesus. The word incorrectly translated "Jew" in the Bible is: in Hebrew, "Judah" or "Judahite" (a member of the tribe of Judah). In Greek, "Judean" (a resident of Judea or a practicer of Judean religion).

In modern usage, a "Jew" is someone who adheres to the religion of Judaism (Pharisaism), or in some way considers himself a part of "Jewish culture." Being Jewish is not a racial distinction. "Jews" are a racially mixed people due to multi-national affinity and interracial marriage, as well as their contemporary international bias. Down through the ages, they've migrated from nation to nation as they were rejected (mostly due to their immoral religion) by every country they've infested. Over 90% of "Jews" today are descended from the ancient Khazars — a non-Semitic people from East Europe. It is estimated that, of those who claim to be "Jews," less than 5% have a claim to any percentage of the blood line of Abraham.
In our English translations of the Bible, the word "Jew" was incorrectly used to replace:
1. "Judahite" in the Old Scriptures, which referred to someone from the tribe of Judah, or a citizen of the land of Judah, and
2. "Judean" in the New Scriptures which meant a resident of Judea, or a follower of the Pharisaic/Persian religion of Jerusalem of that day.
Ben Williams

Part of the confusion in the churches is the deceptive translation of the Scriptures along with false history. For instance, the churches equate Judaism (Pharisaiism) with the teachings of the Old Testament. Nothing could be further from the truth. Furthermore, the KJV translators replaced both "Judahite” and "Judean” universally with the English word “Jew” They just called them all “Jews.” This is a flagrant deception.

"Judahite” actually refers to a member of the tribe of Judah. It is a racial term ... like “Semitic.” The term “Judahite" appears in the Old Testament text.

In contrast, the term “Judean” meant a resident of the province of Judea. It was not a racial term but rather a national/cultural term ..... like “American.” The term “Judean” appears in the New Testament text. Under Rome's rule the land of Canaan was renamed Judea, and anyone who resided there or subscribed to its culture was called a “Judean.”

But the KJV translators just lumped them together and called them all “Jews” in both Old and New Testaments.

The so-called “Jews” of the New Testament were mostly non-lsraelite Judeans. They were (and still are) a mixture of Edomites, Canaanites, Persians, a smattering of Israelites and whoever else happened to reside in Judea or subscribe to Judean culture. Then about 740 AD the whole nation of Khazaria in eastern Europe joined the throng, converted to Judaism and began calling themselves "Ashkenazi Jews. Thus "Jews” are truly a mixed multitude.

Webster’s Dictionary of the English Language, 1828
JEW, noun [a contraction of Judas of Judah.] A Hebrew or Israelite.
Bouvier’s Law Dictionary, 1856
JEWS. See De Judaismo Statutum.

1. The name of a statute passed in the reign of Edw. I., which enacted severe and absurd penalties against the Jews. Barr. on Stat. 197.

2. The Jews were exceedingly oppressed during the middle ages throughout Christendom, and, are so still in some countries. In France, a Jew was a serf, and his person and goods belonged to the baron on whose demesnes he lived. He could not change his domicil without permission of the baron, who could pursue him as a fugitive even on the domains of the king. Like an article of commerce, he might be lent or hired for a time, or mortgaged. If he became a Christian, his conversion was considered a larceny of the lord, and his property and goods were confiscated. They were allowed to utter their prayers only in a low voice and without chanting. They were not allowed to appear in public without some badge or mark of distinction. Christians were forbidden to employ Jews of either sex as domestics, physicians or surgeons. Admission to the bar was forbidden to Jews. They were obliged to appear in court in person, when they demanded justice for a wrong done them, and it was deemed disgraceful to an advocate to undertake the cause of a Jew. If a Jew appeared in court against a Christian, he was obliged to swear by the ten names of God, and invoke a thousand imprecations against himself, if he spoke not the truth. Sexual intercourse between a Christian man and a Jewess was deemed a crime against nature, and was punishable with death by burning. Quia est rem habere cum cane, rem habere a Christiano cum Judaea quae CANIS reputatur sic comburi debet. 1 Fournel, Hist. des Avocats, 108, 110. See Merlin, Repert. au mot Juifs.

3. In the fifth book of the Decretals, it is provided, that if a Jew have a servant that desireth to be a Christian, the Jew shall be compelled to sell him to a Christian for twelve pence that it shall not be lawful for them to take any Christian to be their servant that they may repair their old synagogues, but not build new that it shall not be lawful for them to open their doors, or windows on good Friday; that their wives neither have Christian nurses, nor themselves be nurses to Christian women that they wear different apparel from the Christians, whereby they may be known, &c See Ridley's View of the Civ. and Eccl Law, part 1, chap. 5, sect. 7 and Madox Hist. of the Exchequer, Index, as to their condition in England.
The Century Dictionary, an Encyclopedic Lexicon of the English Language, 1895

1. A Hebrew; an Israelite.
2. A person who seeks gain by sordid or crafty means; a hard-fisted money-lender, or tricky
dealer: an opprobrious use: as, he is a regular Jew
Jew (v)

I. To overreach; cheat; beat unfairly at a bargain; as jew out if a dollar.
II. To practice arts of overreaching or cheating in trade.
The Century Cyclopedia of Names, 1897
Jews. [From Judah]

Loosely, the Semitic nation that was earlier called Hebrews, Israelites, or the children of Israel; strictly, the people descended from the tribes of Judah and Beniamin (see Judah, Kingdom of).

After the destruction of Jerusalem (70 A. D.) these were scattered throughout other countries. They still remain a distinct people, often oppressed and persecuted, but retaining their nationality and distinguished by specific characteristics. Their number at the present time is estimated at between 7,000,000 and 8,000,000, about 6,500,000 being in Europe.
The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Current English, 1919
Jew, n.
Person of Hebrew race; extortionate usurer; trader who drives hard bargains.
Jew v.t.

Cheat, overreach,
The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary On Historical Principles, 1939
1. n. A person of Hebrew race; an Israelite. (Orig a Hebrew of the kingdom of Judah; later, any Israelite who adhered to the worship of Jehovah as conducted at Jerusalem.)
2. n. Applied to a grasping or extortionate usurer, or a trader who drives hard bargains or deals craftily.
3. adj. That is a Jew, Jewish, as Jew boy, etc.; of or relating to Jews, as Jew bill, etc.
1. v. To cheat or overreach.
Webster’s New Practical Dictionary, 1957

Orig., one of the tribe of Judah; hence, any person of the Hebrew people or anyone whose religion is Judaism.
Funk and Wagnalls Standard College Dictionary, 1977
Jew (n)

1. A member or descendant of the Hebrew people.
2. Any person professing Judaism.
3. Originally, a member of the tribe or the kingdom of Judah.
Jew (v)

To get the better of in a bargain: usually with down: an offensive term.

Reverend Martin Niemoeller:
In Germany, the Nazis first came for the communists, and I didn't speak up because I wasn't a communist. Then they came for the Jews, and I didn't speak up because I wasn't a Jew.
Then they came for the trade unionists, and I didn't speak up because I wasn't a trade unionist.
Then they came for the Catholics, but I didn't speak up because I was a protestant.
Then they came for me, and by that time there was no one left to speak for me.
Joseph Paul Goebbels:
As socialists, we are opponents of the Jews, because we see, in the Hebrews, the incarnation of capitalism, of the misuse of the nation’s goods.
Isaac Asimov:
Politically popular speech has always been protected: even the Jews were free to say ‘Heil Hitler.’
Albert Einstein:
As a child I received instruction both in the Bible and in the Talmud. I am a Jew, but I am enthralled by the luminous figure of the Nazarene.... No one can read the Gospels without feeling the actual presence of Jesus. His personality pulsates in every word. No myth is filled with such life.
C. S. Lewis:
Thus the criminal ceases to be a person, a subject of rights and duties, and becomes merely an object on which society can work. And this is, in principle, how Hitler treated the Jews. They were objects; killed not for ill desert but because, on his theories, they were a disease in society. If society can mend, remake, and unmake men at its pleasure, its pleasure may, of course, be humane or homicidal. The difference is important. But, either way, rulers have become owners.
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Re: Jew

Post by Firestarter » Wed May 16, 2018 10:12 am

I like to add some information on the 12 Tribes of Israel (there are actually 13!) from the 12 sons of Jacob.
If I understand correctly, according to the Tenach (Old Testament) only the tribe of Judah are Jews.

1 – Reuben was the firstborn son of Jacob and Leah (his cousin: the daughter of the brother of his mother) - patriarch of the tribe of Reuben.
2 - Simeon was the second son of Jacob and Leah - patriarch of the tribe of Simeon.
3 - Levi was the third son of Jacob and Leah - patriarch of the tribe of Levi.
4 - Judah was the fourth son of Jacob and Leah - patriarch of the tribe of Judah.

5 - Dan was the fifth son of Jacob - patriarch of the tribe of Dan. The mother was Bilhah, Rachel’s maidservant (Rachel was the younger sister of Leah).
6 - Naptali was the sixth son of Jacob - patriarch of the tribe of Naptali. The mother was Bilhah.

7 - Gad was the seventh son of Jacob - patriarch of the tribe of Gad. The mother was Zilpah, Leah’s maidservant.
8 - Asher was the seventh son of Jacob - patriarch of the tribe of Asher. The mother was Zilpah, Leah’s maidservant.

9 - Issachar was the ninth son of Jacob - patriarch of the tribe of Issachar. The mother was Leah.
10 - Zebulun was the tenth son of Jacob - patriarch of the tribe of Zebulun. The mother was Leah.

11 - Joseph was the eleventh son of Jacob. The mother was Rachel.
12 - Benjamin was the twelfth son of Jacob - patriarch of the tribe of Benjamin. The mother was Rachel.

The first strange thing is that Joseph had no tribe named after him.
Instead his 2 sons with Asenath (who was given to him by the Pharaoh) - Manasseh and younger brother Ephraim – were adopted by Jacob, so they could share in Jacob's inheritance equally with Jacob's own sons.
Manasseh and Ephraim are the patriarchs of the 2 tribes named after them.
So there are really 13 tribes of Israel: ... -of-israel

The second strange thing is that the tribe of Levi became the heads of Judaism – Levites.
The “Jews” were ordered to pay the Levites handsomely for their brainwashing practices. As a result they didn’t have their own land, but settled in all the lands of Israel (of the other tribes).

The following shows which land the 12 tribes occupied (13 – the tribe of Levi).
By common consensus the tribe of Judah is the most important and delivered the Kings.
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Re: Jew

Post by notmartha » Thu May 17, 2018 1:11 pm

If I understand correctly, according to the Tenach (Old Testament) only the tribe of Judah are Jews.
In the beginning, yes.

Then the Tribe of Judah and then Benjamin split from the other tribes, creating the Kingdom of Judah. These “Israelites” were the people called “Jews” in the OT. The Kingdom of Judah lasted from approx. B.C. 975 to B.C. 536. The offspring of these people, and those who lived in Judea were continually referred to as “Jews” throughout the OT and NT.

The other 10 tribes formed the Kingdom of Israel. These were the people called “Israelites,” not Jews, in the OT. The Kingdom of Israel lasted from B.C. 975 to B.C. 721. When this kingdom was conquered, the various tribes dispersed, some merging with the conquerors, some merging with the Kingdom of Judah (hence becoming “Jews”), some moving into Europe.

So, it was first genealogical, then geographical.
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